Roots of Words in English Language


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on - Latin - afire - on fire; ashore - on the shore; aside - on the side

A, Ab/s
from, away, off - Latin - abduct - carry away by force; abnormal - away from normal, not normal; absent - away, not present; aversion - the act of turning away from; abbreviate: to shorten.

to, toward, near - Latin - accelerate - to increase the speed of; accessible - easily entered, approached, or obtained; admittance - allowing into;

not, without - Greek - abyss - without bottom; achromatic - without color; anhydrous - without water

according to - Greek - cataclysm - a flood or other disaster
catalog - a complete listing; catastrophe - turning for the worst
Submitted by: a substantial disaster"

top, height, tip, beginning - Greek - acrobat - a "high walker"; acronym - a word formed from the first (capital) letters of a word; acrophobia - fear of height

do - Latin - activity - something that a person does; react - to do something in response; interaction - communication between two or more things

air - Greek - aerate - to let air reach something; aerial - relating to the air; aerospace - the air space

throughout - Greek - analysis - a close examination of something; anatomy - the structure of something as visible when cut up for analysis; anachronism - not being in the right place in time"

farming - Latin Greek - agriculture - management of the land, agribusiness - making money by utilizing land; agrarian - relating to the management of land

pain - Latin - neuralgia - pain caused by a nerve; analgesic - a drug that makes one pain free; nostalgia - aching for the familiar

Ambi, Amphi
both, on both sides, around - Latin - ambidextrous - able to use both hands equally; ambiguous - having more than one meaning; ambivalence - conflicting or opposite feelings toward a person or thing

walk, move - Latin - amble - to walk in a slow, relaxed way; ambulant - walking or moving around; ambulance - a vehicle that moves a patient

love - Latin - amiable - friendly, pleasant, lovable; amity - friendly and peaceful relations; amorous - showing romantic love

Submitted by: after

up, back, against,

man, male - Greek - androgynous - being both male and female; android - resembling a human; misandry - hatred towards men

life, spirit - Latin - animal - a living organism; animate - to make alive; equanimity - of balanced spirit

year - Latin - anniversary - a date observed once a year; annual - happening once a year; millennium - 1,000 years

before, in front - Latin - antecede - to come before something in time; antemeridian - before noon; anteroom- a small room before the main room

flower - Greek - chrysanthemum and amaranth - names of flowers; anthology - a collection of treasured writings; anthozoan - half plant, half animal, like anemones and corals.

human - Greek - anthropology - the study of mankind; anthropomorphism - giving human form to non-human things; philanthropy - the love to mankind (expressed through good deeds)

against, opposite of - Greek - antibody - a substance that destroys micro-organisms; antiseptic - preventing infection; antisocial - opposing social norm

across - Greek - diabetes - disease characterized by excessive thirst and discharge of urine; diagnosis - understanding a condition by going through a detailed review of symptoms; dialog - conversation between two people."

Apo, Apho
away, off, separate - Greek - aphorism - a short expression of a general truth; apology - an explicit expression of regret, apostrophe - a small dash used in place of an omitted letter

water - Latin - aquarium - a water container for fish; aquatic- relating to water; aqueduct - a pipeline for water

tree - Latin - arborist - someone working with trees; arbor - a shady area formed by trees; arborous - having many trees

primitive, ancient - Greek - archaeology - the study of ancient cultures; archaic - belonging to an earlier period; archive - a collection of historical materials

chief, most important, rule - Greek - archbishop - the highest ranking bishop; archenemy - chief or worst enemy; matriarch - a female who rules a group; monarch - a king or queen

skill - Latin - artifact - object made by a person's skill; artisan - a person skilled in a craft; artist - a person who creates skillfully

joint - Latin

assistant - Greek - parasite - an organism that lives on and off another living being; parallel - alongside and always an equal distance apart; paragraph - a portion of a writtenn document that presents a distinct idea."

Astro, Aster
star, stars, outer space - Greek - astronaut - a person traveling to the stars; astronomer - someone who studies the stars; asterisk - a star-shaped sign used as a reference tool

hear - Latin - audible - loud enough to be heard; audience - people who listen to a program; audiovisual - relating to sound and vision

self, same, one - Greek - autocrat - a person who governs with absolute power; autograph - a person's own signature; automatic - moving by itself

bird - Latin - aviary - a large enclosure for birds; aviatrix - a female airplane pilot; aviation - the art of designing or operating aircraft

pressure, weight - Greek - baric - pertaining to pressure, esp. of the atmosphere; milliard - metric unit, equal to 1/1000th of a bar; baryon - heavy elementary particle

war - Latin - bellicose - warlike; belligerent - hostile, ready to fight; rebel - person who opposes and fights

good, well - Latin - benefactor - person who gives money to a cause; beneficial - producing a good effect; benevolent - showing kindness or goodwill

two, twice, once in every two - Latin - biannual - happening twice a year; binoculars - optical device with two lenses; bilateral - of or involving two sides

book - Greek - bibliography - a list of books used as sources; bibliomania - an extreme love of books; bibliophile - a person who loves books

life, living matter - Greek - biography- a life story written by another person; biology - the science of life; biosphere - Earth's surface inhabited by living things

cell, primitive, immature cell - Greek - blastula - an early stage of embryonic development; fibroblast - a cell that forms connective tissue; blastoderm - the layer surrounding the inside of an egg

pouch, purse - Latin - bursar- an administrative officer in charge of funds; bursary- the treasury of a college or monastery; disburse- to expend especially from a public fund

stone - Latin - calcite; calcium- the flame of acetylene gas generated by reaction of calcium carbide with water; calcification- impregnation with calcareous matter

glowing, iridescent - Latin - candid- free from bias, prejudice, or malice; candle- something that gives light; incandescent- white, glowing, or luminous with intense heat

Capt, Cept, Ceive
take, hold - Latin - intercept - to stop or interrupt;perceive - to take notice of something; captivating - taking hold of

heart - Greek - cardiac - relating to the heart; cardiogenic - resulting from heart disease; cardiologist - a heart doctor

flesh, meat - Latin - carnivorous - flesh-eating; carnal - pertaining to the body or flesh; incarnate - given bodily form

down, against

Caust, Caut
to burn - Latin

Cede, Ceed, Cess
go, yield - Latin - exceed - to go beyond the limits; recede - to go back; accessible - easily entered, approached, or obtained;

fast - Latin - accelerate - to increase the speed of; decelerate - to reduce the speed of

hundred, hundredth - Latin - centennial- the 100th anniversary; centimeter - 1/100 of a meter; century - 100 years

center - Greek - egocentric - self-centered; eccentric - not having a common center, not according to norm; centrifugal - moving outward from a center

head - Greek - encephalitis - inflammation of the brain; cephalic - pertaining to the head; cephalopod - marine mollusks like octopus and squid who have tentacles growing from their head

brain - Latin - cerebral - pertaining to the brain; cerebrate - to use the brain; cerebrospinal - pertaining to the brain and the spinal cord

sure - Latin - ascertain- to find out something with certainty; certain - being absolutely sure; certify - to state that something is true

Chrom/o Chromat/o, Chros
color, pigment - Greek - achromatic - without color; chromium - a blue-white metallic chemical element, chromatics - the study of color

time - Greek - chronic - lasting for a long time; chronological - arranging events in time order, synchronize - happening at the same time

gold, yellow - Greek - chrysanthemum and helichrysum - golden/yellow flowers; chrysolite - a yellowish gem

Cide, Cise
cut, kill - Latin - homicide - murder; incisor - a sharp tooth for cutting food; insecticide - a chemical used to kill insects

Circum, Circle
around, about - Latin - circumnavigate - to sail around; circumscribe - to draw around; circumspect - looking around

Claim, Clam
shout, speak out - Latin - clamor - to shout and make noise; exclaim - to cry out loudly and suddenly; proclamation - something announced officially in public

clear - Latin - clarification - an explanation; clarify - to make something clear; declare - to state something clearly

lean - Latin - inclination - a leaning toward; incline - a surface that slopes or leans; recline - to lean back and relax

Clud, Clus
close - Latin - conclusion - the end or last part; exclusion - shutting out, rejecting; seclude - to keep away from; to isolate

with, together, joint - Latin - coauthor - writer who collaborates with another author; coeducation - educating males and females together; cohousing - planning your neighborhood in an intentional neighborly fashion

know - Latin - cognition - process of acquiring knowledge; incognito - disguised so no one knows you; recognize - to discover that one knows

together, jointly - Latin - Collaborate - to work together; collision - smashing together; colloquial - words formed by everday interaction

together, common - Latin - commemorate - to memorize together; composition - an arrangement or putting together of parts; commune - living together while owning things in common

Submitted by:

with, jointly - Latin - concur - to agree with someone; contemporary - of the same time period as others; convention - a gathering of people with a common interest

against, opposite - Latin - contradict to argue against, Contraflow, contraception, contrary not in agreement, controversy disagreement

body - Latin - corporation - a company recognized by law as a single body; corpse - a dead body; corporal - pertaining to the body

universe - Greek - cosmonaut - a Russian astronaut; cosmos - the universe; microcosm - a miniature universe

opposite, contrary, opposing - - counteract - to oppose the effects of an action; countermand - to cancel a previous order; counteroffensive - attack against an attack

skull - Greek - craniology - the study of skull characteristics; cranium - skull of vertebrates; cranial - pertaining to the skull

believe - Latin - credence - belief that something is true or valid; credulous - believing things too easily, gullible; incredible - unbelievable

cross - Latin - crucial-characteristic of or having the form of a cross ; crucifix- the cross itself as a Christian emblem; excruciating- so intense as to cause great pain or anguish

hidden, secret - Greek - cryptic - of hidden meaning; cryptography - science of secret codes; encrypt - encode into secret code

mass, heap - Latin - accumulate - to gather or pile up; cumulative - gradually building up

Curr, Curs
run - Latin - concurrent- running parallel; current- flowing easily and smoothly; cursive- having a flowing, easy, impromptu character

circle, ring - Greek - bicycle - a vehicle with two wheels; cycle - a sequence that is repeated; cyclone - a storm with circling winds

reduce, away, down, remove - Latin - decelerate - to slow down, reduce speed; dethrone - to remove from power; debug - to remove bugs

Dec/a, Deka
ten - Greek - decade - 10 years; decathlon - athletic contest that includes 10 disciplines in which each participant competes; December - formerly the 10th month of the Roman calendar

one tenth - Latin - deciliter - a tenth of a liter; decimate - reduce dramatically; decibel - one tenth of the sound volume unit bel

people - Greek - democracy - government of the people; demographic - the study of people; epidemic - spreading among people in a region

half, less than - Latin - demitasse - a small cup of coffee; demimonde - someone of little respected life style

tree - Greek - philodendron - a climbing plant that grows on trees; dendrochronology - dating events by studying growth rings in trees; dendriform - in the shape of a tree

Dent, Dont
tooth - Latin - dental - relating to teeth; dentist - a doctor for the teeth; dentures - a set of false teeth

skin - Greek - dermatologist - a doctor for the skin; pachyderm - a class of animals with very thick skin (elephant, rhinoceros); dermatitis - inflammation of the skin

two, twice - Greek - dichromatic - displaying two colors; diploma - a certificate, literally "a letter folded double"; dilemma - a situation that requires a choice between two alternatives.

apart, away,

through, between,

speak - Latin - contradict - to express the opposite of; prediction - a statement foretelling the future; dictate - to speak out loud for another person to write down.

master - Latin - dominate - to be the master of; domineering - excessively controlling; predominate - to have more power than others

give - Latin - donation - a contribution or gift; donor - someone who gives something; pardon - to give forgiveness for an offense

two, twice - Latin - duplicate - make an identical copy; duet - a musical composition for two voices or instruments; duo - a pair normally thought of as being together.

lead - Latin - conduct - to lead musicians in playing music; educate - to lead to knowledge; deduction - a subtraction of an amount.

harden, to last, lasting - Latin - durable - having the quality of lasting; duration - the length of time something lasts; enduring - able to last.

power, energy, strength - Greek - dynamo - a generator of energy; dynamic - having physical energy/power; dynamite - a powerful explosive.

abnormal, bad - Greek - dyspepsia - abnormal digestion; dystopia - an imaginary place of total misery; dyslexia - impairment of the ability to handle words.

out, away - Latin - eloquent - speaking beautifully and forcefully; emissary - a representative of a country or group sent on a mission; eject - throw out forcefully.

self - Latin

Em, En
into, cover with, cause - - empathy - intention to feel like another person; empower - put into power; engorge - make larger.

En, In
inside, inwards - Latin - envision - to picture in the mind; enclose - lock inside; inwards - towards the inside.

within, inside - Greek - endotherm - a creature that can keep its inside temperature fairly constant; endocrine - relating to glands that secrete directly into the blood or lymph; endogamy - the custom to marry within one's clan, tribe etc.

Enn/i, Anni
years - Latin - bicentennial - of or relating to an age or period of 200 years; centennial - of or relating to an age or period of 100 years; perennial -lasting through many years.

on, upon, over,

equal, equally - Latin - equidistant - an equal distance from two points; equanimity - calm temperament, evenness of temper; equation - a statement of equality.

work - Greek - ergonomics - study of the working environment; energy - the power to accomplish work; energetics - science that looks at energy and its transformation.

feeling, sensation, beauty - Latin - esthetician - someone who beautifies; aesthetic - pertaining to a sense of beauty; kinesthesia - the sensation of bodily movement.

race, people - Greek - ethnic - pertaining to a defined group of people; ethnocentric - focusing on the ethnicity of people; ethnology - the science of people and races.

good, well - Greek - euphemism - replacing an offensive word with an inoffensive one; euphonious - having a pleasant sound; euphoria - feeling of well-being.

from, out, - Latin - excavate - to dig out; exhale - to breathe out; extract - to pull out.

beyond - Latin

excessive desire - Greek - bibliomania - a crazy love of books; egomania - a mad love of oneself; maniac an insane person."

Extra, Extro
outside, beyond - Latin - extraordinary - beyond ordinary; extraterrestrial - outside the Earth; extrovert - an outgoing person.

make, do - Latin - artifact - an object made by a person; factory - a place where things are made; malefact - a person who does wrong.

bear, bring, carry - Latin - confer - to bring an honor to someone; ferry - a boat that carries passengers; transfer - to move to another place.

faith - Latin - confide - place trust in someone, fidelity - faithfulness; fiduciary - a trustee;

bend - Latin - deflect - to bend course because of hitting something; inflection - a bending in the voice's tone or pitch; flexible - easily bending.

Flor/a, Fleur
flower - Latin - florist - someone working with flowers; floral - flowerlike; flora - the plant life of a particular time or area

completely (used to intensify

in front of, previous, earlier - - forebear - ancestor; forebode - to give an advance warning of something bad; forecast - a preview of events to be.

shape - Latin - conformity- correspondence in form, manner, or character; formation- something that is formed; reformatory- intended for reformation

kind - Greek - genealogy - the study of the history of a family; generation - all the people born at approximately the same time; genetic -relating to heredity encoded in the genes."

forming cells - Greek - protoplasm - something that is the first made or formed
also the living portion of a cell; plastic - able to be formed
Submitted by: especially when warm; plaster - a mixture of lime

Fract, Frag
break - Latin - fracture - a break; fragile - easy to break; fragment or fraction - a part or element of a larger whole;

flee, run away, escape - Latin - fugitive - a person who is running away; refuge - a sheltered place to flee to; refugee - a person seeking protection

perform, work - Latin - defunct - no longer working or alive; function - to work or perform a role normally; malfunction - to fail to work correctly.

pour - Latin - confusion - being flooded with too much information that is hard to make sense of; fuse - to melt by heating; infuse - to put into.

stomach - Greek - gastric - pertaining to the stomach; gastronomy - serving the stomach by providing good food; gastritis - inflammation of the stomach.

Gen/o/e/ Genesis
birth, production,

earth, soil, global - Greek - geography - study of the earth's surface; geology - study of the structure of the earth; geoponics - soil based agriculture.

old age - Greek - geriatrics - medicine pertaining to the elderly; gerontocracy - the rule of the elders; gerontology - the science of aging.

a billion - Greek - gigabyte - unit of computer storage space; gigahertz - unit of frequency (one billion Hz/sec); gigawatt unit of electric power (one billion watts).

angle - Latin

letter, written - Greek - diagram - a simple drawing; grammar - rules of how to write words in sentences; telegram - a message sent by telegraph.

grain - Latin - granary- a storehouse or repository for grain especially after it is threshed or husked; granola- a mixture of rolled oats and other ingredients; granule- a little grain (as of sugar)

writing, recording, written - Greek - Graphology - the study of handwritings; autograph - written with one's own hand; seismograph - a machine noting strength and duration of earthquakes.

pleasing - Latin - gratify - to please someone; grateful - feeling thankful; gratuity - a tip, token of appreciation.

Greek - arthroscope - a tool to see inside a joint; arthritis - inflammation of a joint; arthropod - invertebrates with jointed legs
like spiders
Submitted by: crustaceans

Greek - cauterize - to burn with a hot instrument; caustic - capable of burning or eating away; holocaust - total devastation
especially by fire"

Greek - decagon - a polygon with 10 angles; diagonal - a slanting line running across a space; octagon - a geometrical figure with 8 angles."

Greek - diarrhea - abnormally excessive bowl movement; hemorrhage - heavy blood flow; catarrh - inflammation of a mucous membrane
especially the nose and throat."

Greek - egoistic - self-centered; alter ego - a higher aspect of oneself; egomania - excessive preoccupation with oneself."

Greek - hemorrhage - clotting of the blood; hemorrhoids - swelling of the blood vessels; hemoglobin - red blood particle."

Greek - homogeneous - of the same nature or kind; homonym - sounding alike; homeopath - a therapy that is based on treating ""same with same"""

Greek - hyperactive - very restless; hypercritical - too critical; hypertension - above normal pressure."

Greek - icon - an (often religious) image
in modern usage a simplified graphic of high symbolic content; iconology - science of symbols and icons; iconoclast - someone who destroys religious images and traditional beliefs."

Greek - Mesoamerica - Middle America; meson - elementary particle with a mass between an electron and a proton."

Greek - midriff - the area between the chest and the waist; midterm - middle of a term in school; midway - halfway between."

Greek - paternal - relating to fathers; paternity - fatherhood; patriarch - a man who rules a group."

Gress, Grad/e/i
to step, to go - Latin - digression - a departure from the main issue, subject, etc.; progress - movement forward or onward; gradual - step by step.

woman, female - Greek - gynecology - the science of female reproductive health; gynephobia - fear of women; gynecoid - resembling a woman.

Hect/o, Hecat
hundred - Greek - hectoliter - 100 liters; hectare - metric unit equaling 100 ares or 10,000 square meters; hectometer - 100 meters.

sun - Greek - heliotropism - movement or growth in relating to the sun; heliograph - apparatus used to send message with the help of sunlight; helianthus - genus of plants including sunflowers.

spiral, circular - Greek - helicopter - an aircraft with horizontal rotating wing; helix - a spiral form; helicon - a circular tuba.

blood - Latin

half, partial - Greek - hemicycle - a semicircular structure; hemisphere - one half of the earth; hemistich - half a line of poetry.

liver - Latin - hepatitis - inflammation of the liver; hepatoma - a tumor of the liver; hepatotoxic - toxic and damaging to the liver.

seven - Greek - heptagon - a shape with seven angles and seven sides; Heptateuch - the first seven books of the Old Testament; heptameter - a line of verse consisting of seven metrical feet.

grass, plant - Latin - herbicide - any chemical used to kill unwanted plants, etc.; herbivorous - plant-eating; herbal - relating to plants.

different, other - Greek - heterogeneous - made up of unrelated parts; heteronyms - words with same spelling but different meanings; heterodox - not conforming to traditional beliefs.

six - Greek - hexagon - a shape with six angles/sides; hexameter - a verse measured in six; hexapod - having six legs.

tissue - Greek - histology - study of the microscopic structure of tissues; histochemistry - study of the chemical constitution of cells and tissues.

Homo, Homeo
like, alike, same - Latin

liquid, water - Greek - hydrate - to add water to; hydrophobia - intense fear of water; hydroponics - growing plants in liquid nutrient solution; hydraulic - operated by force created by a liquid.

moisture, humidity - Greek - hygrometer - tool used to measure humidity; hygrograph - instrument for recording variations in atmospheric humidity.

under - Greek - hypoglycemia - an abnormally low level of sugar in the blood; hypothermia - abnormally low body temperature; hypothesis - a theory that is unproven but used under the assumption that it is true.

too much, over,

medical care - Greek - geriatrics - medical care of the elderly; pediatrician - a doctor who treats children; podiatry - medical care for feet.

image - Latin

peculiar, personal, distinct - Greek - idiomatic - Peculiar to a particular language; idiosyncracy - a physical or mental characteristic typical or a particular person; idiot - someone who is distinctly foolish or stupid.

Ig, Il, Im, In, Ir
not, without - Latin - illegal - not legal; impossible - not possible; inappropriate - not appropriate; irresponsible - not responsible.

Il, In
in, into - Latin - illuminate - to give light to; innovation - a new idea, method, or device; inspection - the act of examining or reviewing.

likeness - Latin - image - a likeness of someone; imaginative - able to think up new ideas or images; imagine - to form a picture or likeness in the mind.

inferior to - Latin - submarine - an underwater boat; submerge - to put underwater; substandard - inferior to accepted standards."

beneath, below - Latin - infrastructure - underlying framework of a system; infrared - below the regular light spectrum.

between, among, jointly - Latin - international - involving two or more countries; intersection - place where roads come together; intercept - to stop or interrupt the course of.

Intra, Intro
within, inside - Latin - intrastate - existing in one state; intravenous - inside or into a vein; introvert - shy person who keeps within him/herself.

not - Latin - irredeemable - not redeemable; irreformable - not reformable; irrational - not rational.

equal - - isobar - a line on a map connecting points of equal barometric pressure; isometric - having equality of measure; isothermal - having equal or constant temperature.

throw - Latin - eject - to throw someone/something out; interject - to throw a remark into a discussion; project - to cast or throw something.

law - Latin - judgment - a decision of a court of law; judicial - having to do with judges or courts of law; judiciary - a system of courts of law.

join - Latin - conjunction - a word that joins parts of sentences; disjunction - a disconnection; junction - a place where two things join.

young - Latin - juvenile - youthful or childish; rejuvenate - to bring back to youthful strength or appearance.

thousand - Greek - kilobyte - 1,000 bytes; kilometer - 1,000 meter; kilograms - 1,000 grams.

Kine/t /mat
motion, division - Greek - kinetics - study of the force of motion; psychokinesis or telekinesis - the ability to move objects with your mind; cinematography - motion picture making.

work - Latin - collaborate - to work with a person; elaborate - to work out the details; laborious - requiring a lot of hard work.

milk - Latin - lactate - to give milk, nurse; lactose - the sugar contained in milk; lactic acid.

side - Latin - bilateral - of or involving two sides; unilateral - affecting one side of something.

Latin - prognosis - a prediction of what will happen; prologue - a passage before the main part; prophet - a person who foretells the future."

Latin - triangle - a figure with 3 sides and 3 angles; triathlon - an athletic contest with 3 events; tricycle - a 3-wheeI vehicle with pedals."

Leuk/o, Leuc/o
white, colorless - Greek - leukemia - abnormal increase of white blood cells in the blood; leukocyte - a mature white blood cell; leucine - a white, crystalline amino acid.

word, law, reading - Greek - lexicology - the study and history of words; alexia -loss of the ability to read; illegal - not authorized by the official rules or laws.

free - Latin - liberate - to set free; libertine - a person with a free, wild lifestyle; liberty - freedom.

language, tongue - Latin - linguist - one who studies languages; multilingual - able to communicate in multiple languages; linguine - long, flat "tongue-shaped" pasta.

fat - Greek - liposuction - the mechanical removal of fat reserves in the tissue; lipase - enzyme that breaks down fat; lipoid - resembling fat.

Lite, Ite, Lith/o
mineral, rock, fossil - Greek - apatite - a group of common minerals; granite - a hard, granular rock; monolith - a remarkable, unique stone.

place - Latin - dislocate - to put something out of its usual place; location - a place; relocate - to move to a new place.

word, doctrine, discourse - Greek - logic - correct reasoning; monologue - a long speech by one speaker;analogy - similarity, especially between things otherwise dissimilar.

Loqu, Locu
speak - Latin - eloquent - speaking beautifully and forcefully ; loquacious - very talkative; elocution - art of public speaking.

light - Latin - elucidate - to explain, to throw light on; lucid - easily understood, giving off light; translucent - allowing light through.

Lud, Lus
to play - Latin - prelude - introduction to the major performance; illusion - misleading optical image or impression; delude - to mislead, deceive.

light - Latin - illuminate - to fill with light; lumen - unit measuring light.

moon - Latin - lunar - relating to the moon; lunarscape - the surface of the moon; lunatic - insane (as if driven mad by the moon).

large, great - Greek - macroevolution - large scale evolution; macromolecule - a large molecule; macroeconomics - study of the overall forces of economy.

great, large - Latin - magnify - make larger; magnificent - grand; magnate - a powerful person, especially in business or industry.

bad, ill, wrong - Latin - malcontent - wrong content; malaria - "bad air", infectious disease thought to originate from the "bad air" of the swamps, but caused by the bite of an infected mosquito; malicious - showing strong ill will.

hand - Latin - maneuver - to move by hand; manual - done with the hands; manuscript - a book written by hand.

to order - Latin - command - an order or instruction; demand - a hard-to-ignore order; mandate - an official order.

madness, insanity,

sea - Latin - marina - a harbor for pleasure boats; maritime - relating to the sea; submarine - an undersea boat; aquamarine - color of sea water.

Mater, Matr/i
mother - Latin - maternal - relating to motherhood; maternity - the state of being a mother; matriarch - a woman head of a household.

greatest - Latin - maximal - the best or greatest possible; maximize - to make as great as possible; maximum - the greatest amount.

middle - Latin - medieval - pertaining to the Middle Ages; medium - in the middle; mediocre - only of medium (inferior) quality.

great, large, million - Greek - megalopolis - an area with many nearby cities; megaphone - a device that projects a loud voice; megastructure - huge building or other structure.

black - Greek - melancholy - a state of dark emotions; melanoma - malignant dark tumor of the skin; melodrama - a dark, pathetic drama.

remember - Latin - commemorate - to honor the memory of, as by a ceremony; memorial - related to remembering a person or event; memory: an ability to retain knowledge or an individual's stock of retained knowledge.

Merge, Mers
dip, dive - Latin - immerge or immerse - to put or dip something into a liquid; submerge to dip something completely into wate.r

middle - Latin

change, after, beyond, between - Greek - metaphysics - study of nature and reality; metamorphosis - a complete change of form; metastasis - the transmission of disease to other parts of the body.

Meter, Metr/y
measure - Greek - audiometer- an instrument that measures hearing acuteness; chronometer- an instrument that measures time; metric - measured.

very small, short, minute - Greek - microbe - a very small living thing; microchip - a tiny wafer with an integrated circuit; microscope - a device to see very small things.

middle - Latin

move - Latin - immigrant - a person who moves to a new country to settle; migrant - person who moves from place to place; migration - the process of moving.

onethousandth - Latin - millimeter - one thousandth of a meter; millibar - one thousandth of a bar; milliliter - one thousandth of a liter.

small, less - Latin - mini - something that is very small; minuscule - extremely tiny; minutiae - very small or trivial details.

bad, badly, wrong, wrongly,

Miss, Mit
send, let go - Latin - dismiss - to send someone away; missile - a weapon sent into the air; emit - to send something out; admittance - entry.

move - Latin - immobilize - to stop from moving; mobile - able to move freely; mobility - the quality of being able to move.

one, single, alone - Greek - monochromat - having one color; monologue - a speech spoken by one person; monotheism - belief in one god.

form - Greek - metamorphosis - complete change of form; endorphins - chemical in the brain able to transform pain; amorphous - without distinct shape or form.

death - Latin - immortal - living forever, unable to die; mortal - certain to die; mortician - an undertaker.

Mot, Mov
move - Latin - motion - the act of moving; motivate - to move someone to action; promote to move someone forward; removable - able to be taken or carried away.

many, more than one or two - Latin - multicolored - having many colors; multimedia - using a range of media; multitasking - doing many things at once.

change - Latin - immutable - not changing; mutant - an organism that has undergone change; mutate - to undergo a change.

muscle - Latin - myocardium - the middle muscle of the heart; myasthenia - muscle fatigue or weakness; myosin - common protein in muscle tissue.

tell - Latin - narrate - to tell a story; narrative - a story; narrator - a person who tells a story.

born - Latin - innate - included since birth; natal - relating to birth; natural - gotten at birth, not afterward.

ship - Latin - circumnavigate - to sail around a place; naval - relating to a navy or warships; navigate - to sail a ship through a place.

dead, death - Greek - necrophil - loving death; necrosis - the death of tissue due to disease or injury; necrology - a list of persons who have recently died.

no - Latin - negate - to say it didn't happen; negative - meaning "no"; renege - to go back on a promise.

new, recent - - neoclassic - a revival of classic form, neocolonialism - the indirect ("new") economical and political control of a region by a more powerful foreign power; neonatal - a newborn child, especially the first few weeks.

kidney - Greek - nephritis - inflammation of the kidneys; nephrotomy - surgical incision of a kidney; nephron - a single, excretory unit in the kidney.

nerve - Greek - neuralgia - pain along a nerve; neurologist - doctor specializing in the nerves; neurotic - mental disorder that usually does not include an impaired perception of reality.

next in rank - Latin - vice-president - the person next in rank to the president"

name - Latin - misnomer - an error in naming a person or thing; nominal - being something in name only but not in reality; nominate - to name for election or appointment, to designate.

no, not, without - Latin - nondescript - with no special characteristics; nonfiction - true, real, not made-up; nonsense - without sense.

to the opposite - Latin - digression - a departure from the main issue
Submitted by: subject; disappear - to move out of sight; dissect - to cut apart piece by piece."

Noun, Nunc
declare - Latin - announce - to declare in public; denounce - to proclaim harsh criticism; enunciate - to speak or declare something clearly.

new - Latin - innovate - to introduce a new way; novelty - something new; novice - a person who is new at a job; renovate - to make something like new again.

number - Latin - enumerate - to name a number of items on a list; numerology - the study of magical uses of numbers; numerous - a large number.

Ob, Op
in the way, against - Latin - object - to be against something; obscure - hard to understand; opposition - the act of resistance or action against.

eight - Greek - octagon - a figure with 8 sides and 8 angles; octogenarian - person in his or her 80s; octopus - sea animal with 8 arms.

eye - Latin - binoculars - lens device for seeing distances; monocula - relating to one eye; oculist - an eye doctor.

path, way - Greek - diode - an electron tube having two electrodes, a cathode and an anode; odometer - an instrument attached to a vehicle to measure the distance traversed; triode - an electron tube with an anode, a cathode, and a control grid

smell, scent - Latin - deodorant - a substance that helps prevent body odor; malodorous - having a terribly bad smell; odoriferous- something that bears or diffuses a scent

all - Latin - omnipotent - with all the power; omniscient - knowing all things; omnivorous eating all foods.

eye, visual condition, sight - Greek - optic - relating to the eyes; optician - a person who fits eyeglasses; autopsy - the examination of a dead body.

best - Latin - optimal - the best, the most desirable; optimize - to make the best of; optimum - the best something could be.

or quantity - Latin - Super bowl - the final annual football game; superior - above average
better in quality; supersonic - faster than the speed of sound."

straight - Greek - orthodontist - a dentist that straightens teeth; orthopedic - a doctor concerned with the proper alignment of the bones; orthography - the correct way of writing.

bone - Greek - osteoarthritis - inflammation caused by degeneration of the joints; osteopathy - therapy that uses among others manipulation of the skeleton to restore health; osteology - the study of bones.

goes beyond,

excessive - English - overconfident - more confident than is appropriate; overstock - more supplies than is desirable; overexcited - ,more excited than one should be.

sharp - Greek - oxymoron - combining two ideas that sharply contradict each other; oxidize - corrode a surface.

ancient - Greek - paleontology - study of ancient fossils; paleography - the study of ancient forms of writing; Paleolithic - period of the Stone Age.

all, any, everyone - Greek - panacea - a cure for all diseases or problems; panorama - an all-around view; pantheism - the worship of all gods; pandemic - affecting all.

beside, beyond, abnormal,

Pater, Patr/i
father - Latin

feeling, emotion - - antipathy - a feeling of great dislike; apathy - a lack of feeling or interest; empathy - ability to understand another's feelings.

foot, feet - Latin - pedal - a lever pushed by the foot; pedestrian - one who walks; pedicure - cosmetic treatment of feet and toes.

drive, force - Latin - compel - to force someone to act; expel - to drive someone out of a place; repel - to force back.

five - Greek - pentagon - shape having 5 angles and 5 sides, pentagram - a five-pointed star formerly used as a symbolic figure in magic; pentathlon - an athletic contest that includes five events.

Pept, Peps
digestion - Greek - dyspepsia - abnormal digestion; peptic - aiding digestion; pepsin - a digestive enzyme.

through, throughout - Latin - permanent - lasting throughout all time; permeate - to spread throughout; persist - to continue for a long time; perennial - lasting through many years.

around, enclosing - Greek - periodontal - pertaining to bone and tissue around a tooth; peripheral - lying outside of the center; perimeter - the outer boundary of an area.

to eat - Greek - esophagus - muscular tube that carries food to the stomach; anthropophagy or sarcophagy - cannibalism; xylophagous - feeding on wood.

love, friend - Greek - philanthropist - one who loves humanity; philology - the love of words; philosophy - the love of wisdom; bibliophil - loving books.

Phon/o /e/y
sound - Greek - cacophony - loud, unpleasant sounds; microphone - a device that records and amplifies sound; phonetic - relating to human speech sounds.

light - Greek - photogenic - caused by light; photograph - image made on light-sensitive film; photon - the smallest possible unit of light.

leaf - Greek - chlorophyll - a group of green pigments found in leaves; phyllotaxis - the arrangement of leaves on a stem; phyllite - a rock that forms sheets, similar to slate.

nature, medicine, the body - Greek - physical - relating to the body; physician - a doctor; physique - nature and shape of one's body.

plant, to grow - Greek - epiphyte - a plant growing independently on the surface of another; hydrophyte - a plant that grows only in water; neophyte - a beginner, especially a person recently converted to a new belief.

to form, development,

Plaud, Plod, Plaus, Plos
approve, clap - Latin - applaud- to show approval of especially by clapping the hands; explosion- an act of exposing something as invalid or baseless; plausible- worthy of being applauded

breathing, lung, air, spirit - Greek - pneumonia - inflammation of the lungs; pneumatic - using the force of air; dyspnea - difficulty breathing.

foot - Greek - podiatrist - a doctor for the feet; podium - a small platform to stand on; tripod - a stand or frame with 3 legs.

city - Greek - metropolis - a large city; police - people who work for the government to maintain order in a city; politics - actions of a government or political party.

many, more than one - Greek - polychrome - with many colors; polyglot - a person fluent in many languages; polygon - shape with 3 or more straight sides.

place, put - Latin - opponent - a person who places him/herself against an action, idea, etc.; postpone - to put off doing something.

people - Latin - popular - appealing to a lot of people; population - all of the people who live in a particular area; populist - a supporter of the rights of people.

carry - Latin - export - to carry goods out of a place to another; portable - able to be carried; porter - a person who carries luggage.

place, put - Latin - deposit - to place or drop something; expose to place out into the open for all to see; position - the place where someone is.

after, behind - Latin - posthumous - after someone's death; postpone - to delay something; postscript - an addition to an already completed document.

earlier, before, in front of - Latin - preamble - a part in front of a formal document; prepare - to get ready in advance; prediction - a statement foretelling the future.

before, in front of,

primitive, first, chief - Greek - prototype - the first of a kind; proton - on of the very basic parts of an atom; protocol - a first draft from which a document is prepared.

wrong,false - Greek - pseudonym - a fictitious name; pseudoscience - theories presumed without proof of a scientific nature; pseudopregnancy - a false pregnancy.

mind, mental - Greek - psyche - the human spirit or soul; psychic - relating to the human mind or someone who has supernatural mental abilities; psychology - the study of the mind.

Pugn/a, Pung
to fight - Latin - pugnacious - having a quarrelsome or aggressive nature; repugnant - distasteful, offensive or revolting; pungent - piercing.

urge - - compulsion - a very strong urge; expulsion - to someone out; impulsive - having a spontaneous urge to do something.

clean - Latin - purge - remove anything undesirable; purgatory - according to Roman Catholics a place where souls must clean themselves of sin; expurgate - remove objectionable passages from a publication.

think - Latin - computer - an electronic thinking device; dispute - to disagree with what another person thinks; input - contribution of one's thinking.

fire, heat - Greek - pyrotechnics - the art of making fireworks; pyrometer - a thermometer for measuring high temperature; pyretic - relating to or producing fever.

four - Latin - quadrant - open space with buildings on 4 sides; quadrennium - period of 4 years; quadruped - a 4-footed animal.

fourth - Latin - quarter - one fourth; quart - a fourth of a gallon; quartet - a musical composition or group involving 4 voices or instruments.

five, fifth - Latin - quintett - a composition for 5 voices or instruments; quintessence - pure essence, based on the ancient philosophy that there was a fifth element that was present in all things; quintuple - fivefold.

Radic, Radix
root - Latin - eradicate - pull out at the roots; radical - fundamental, looking at things from a drastic point of view; radish - an edible root of the mustard family.

radiation, ray - - radioactive - emitting radiation; radiologist - someone diagnosing or treating via radiation.

branch - Latin - ramification - the resulting consequence of a decision; ramify - to spread or branch out; ramus - a branchlike part.

again, back, backward - Latin - rebound -to spring back again; rewind - to wind something backward; reaction: a response; recognize: to identify someone or something seen before.

guide, rule - Latin - regent - a person who rules on behalf of a king or queen; regime - a government that rules; regulate - to apply a rule.

backward, back - Latin - retroactive - relating to something in the past; retrogress - to go back to an earlier condition; retrospect - the remembering of past events.

nose - Greek - rhinoceros - a species of animals with a big horn on the snout; rhinoplasty - surgery of the nose; rhinovirus - viruses that are causing the common cold.

red - Greek - rhododendron - a flower with red/pink flowers; rhodium - an element which produces a red solution; rhodopsin - a purple pigment in the retina that is needed for vision.

laugh - Latin - deride - to make fun of someone; ridicule - to make fun or mock; ridiculous - silly, causing laughter.

Rrh/ea /oea/ag
flow, discharge - Latin

red - Latin - ruby - deep red color and a precious stone of the same color; rubella - measles; bilirubin - reddish pigment in bile.

break, burst - Latin - bankrupt - unable to pay because you're "broke"; interrupt - to break into a conversation or event, to disturb; rupture - a break in something.

health - Latin - sane - mentally healthy; sanitary - relating to cleanliness and health; sanitation - maintenance of public health and cleanliness.

climb, go - Latin - ascend - to climb upward; crescendo - a climbing up of the volume of music; descend - to go or climb down.

know - Latin - conscience - sense of knowing right from wrong; conscious - knowing what is happening; omniscient - knowing everything.

hard - Greek - arteriosclerosis - hardening of the arterial walls; multiple sclerosis - disease which causes the tissue of the brain and spinal cord to harden; sclerometer - instrument for measuring hardness.

see, examine, observe - Greek - microscope - a device used to see tiny things; periscope - a seeing instrument on a submarine; telescope - a device used to see over a distance.

Scrib, Script
write, written - Latin - inscribe - to write letters or words on a surface; scribe - a person who writes out documents; describe - to represent with words or pictures.

apart - Latin - secede - to formally break away from; seclude - to keep away from; serum - a liquid isolated out of another.

cut - Latin - dissect - to cut apart piece by piece; intersection - the place or point where two things cross each other; bisect - to cut into two equal parts.

Sed, Sid, Sess
sit - Latin - reside- be stationed; sediment- the matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid; session- an actual or constructive sitting of a body

of, for, or by itself - - self-discipline - the ability to discipline yourself; self-respect - respect for yourself; selfish concerned only with your own interests.

half, partial - Latin - semiannual - every half year; semicircle - half a circle; semiconscious - partly conscious; semiannual - every half of a year.

seven - Latin - September - this used to be the seventh month in the Roman calendar; septet - a group of seven musicians; septuagenarian - a person in his/her seventies.

save, keep - Latin - conserve - to save or keep something safe; preserve - to save something; reservation - a place kept for a person.

six - Latin - sextet or sextette - a composition or group of six, sextuple - sixfold; sexagenarian - person in his/her sixties.

alone - Latin - desolate - lonely, dismal, gloomy; solitary - done alone, by yourself; solo - a performance done by one person alone.

sleep - Latin - insomnia - inability to fall asleep; somniloquy - talking in your sleep; somnolent - feeling sleepy.

sound - Latin - consonant - a speech sound; sonorous - producing loud, full, rich sounds; supersonic - faster than sound; unison - as one voice.

wise - Greek - philosopher - a wise person; sophisticated - wise about the ways of the world; sophism - a clever but misleading argument.

Spec/t, Spic
see, look - Latin - circumspect - cautious, looking all around; retrospective - a looking back at past things; spectator - a person who sees an event.

ball - Greek - biosphere - the whole round surface of the earth; hemisphere - half the earth spherically shaped like a ball.

breathe - Latin - inspire - to stimulate or animate; transpire - to give of vapor with waste product through the skin or a membrane; spirit - invisible life force.

stand - Latin - stable - standing steady and firm; stagnant - standing still, not moving; stationary - at a standstill, fixed.

star - Latin - constellation - a group of stars that forms a pattern; interstellar - between the stars; stellar - relating to stars.

build - Latin - construct - to build; destruction - the act of destroying something that was built; structure - something built; infrastructure - underlying framework of a system.

under, lower than,

highest - Latin - sum - the combined total of everything; summation - the total, highest amount; summit the highest point or top.

higher in quality

exceeds - - Outgoing - being of lively
Submitted by: sharing nature; outdoing - doing better than; outdoor - outside."

Sy/m /n/l/s
together, with, same - Greek - symmetry -similarity in size, form or arrangement; synergy - the combined effect; synchronize - to cause to occur at the same time.

Tact, Tang
touch - Latin - contact - a state in which two things touch; tactile - relating to the sense of touch; tangible - able to be touched; intact - with nothing missing.

arrangement - Greek - syntax - the systematic arrangement of words; taxonomy - the science of classification; ataxia - loss of the ability to coordinate muscle action.

technique, skill - Greek - technology - the practical application of knowledge; technocracy - rule of technology; technologically - characterized by technology.

far, distant, complete - Greek - telephone - a device to talk to a distant person; telescope - a device to view distant objects; television - a device to receive pictures from afar; telecommuting - working remotely, bridging the distance via virtual devices.

time - Latin - contemporary- existing at the same time; temporal - relating to time; temporary - lasting for a limited time.

Ten, Tin, Tent
hold - Latin - continent- serving to restrain or limit; detention- the act or fact of detaining, tenacious- having parts or elements strongly adhering to each other

Ter, Trit
rub - Latin - attrition- the act of rubbing together or wearing down; detritus- a product of disintegration or wearing away; trite- used or occurring so often as to have lost interest, freshness, or force

end, limit - Latin - determine - to find something out at the end of an investigation; terminate - to end; exterminate - to destroy or get rid of completely.

land, earth - Latin - extraterrestrial - existing outside the earth; terrain - ground or land; territory - an area of land.

four - Latin - tetrapod - having 4 legs; tetrarchy - government by 4 rulers; tetrose - a monosaccharide with four carbon atoms.

put - Greek - bibliotheca- a list or catalog of books; theme- a proposition for discussion or argument; thesis- a dissertation embodying results of original research and especially substantiating a specific view

the meaning of a word) - - forsaken or forfeited - completely lost; forgiven - completely given (a release of debt)."

god - Greek - monotheism - belief in one god; polytheism - worshiping more than one god; theology - the study of religion, god, etc.

heat - Greek - thermal - relating to heat; thermos - an insulated jar that keeps heat in; thermostat - a device that controls heat.

third - Greek

outside - Greek - epidemic - the rapid spread of something negative; epilogue - a short speech delivered after a play; epicenter - the center of an earthquake."

to hate - Greek - misbehave - to behave badly; misprint - an error in printing; misnomer - an error in naming a person or thing."

twist - Latin - contortion - a twisted shape or position; distort - to alter the shape or condition of; retort - reply in a manner that is supposed to change the effect of something previously said.

poison - Latin - detoxification - the process of removing poisons; toxic - poisonous; toxicology - the study of poisons; intoxicated - influenced by drugs.

pull, drag - Latin - attract - to pull objects nearer; distract - to drag attention away from something; tractor - a motor vehicle that pulls things.

across,beyond, through - Latin - transcontinental - across the continent; transfer - to move from one place to another; transport - to carry something across a space.

three, once in every three,

beyond, extreme, more than - Latin - ultrahigh - extremely high; ultramodern - more modern than anything else; ultrasonic - sound waves beyond human hearing.

not,opposite of, lacking - Latin - unabridged - not shortened; unfair - opposite of fair; unfriendly - lacking friendliness.

one, single - Latin - unicycle - a vehicle with one wheel; unilateral - decided by only one person or nation; unique - the only one of its kind; unison - as one voice.

city - Latin - suburb - residential area on the edge of a city; urban - relating to a city; urbanology - the study of city life.

empty - Latin - evacuate - to empty a dangerous place; vacant - empty, not occupied; vacation - a time without work.

come - Latin - circumvent - to go around or bypass restrictions; convention - a gathering or assembly of people with a common interest; intervene - to come between.

truth - Latin - veracious - truthful, honest; veracity - the truth; verify - to make sure that something is true.

word - Latin - verbalize - to put into words; adverb - a word relating to a verb; proverb - a short saying that expresses a well-known truth.

Vers, Vert
turn - Latin - reverse - to turn around; introvert - being turned towards the inside; version - a variation of an original; controversy - a conversation in which positions are turned against each other.

acting in place of,

see - Latin - evident clearly seen

Vince, Vic
conquer - Latin - convince - to win someone over; invincible - not able to be conquered; victory - the conquest of an enemy.

Vis, Vid
see - Latin - vision - the ability to see; envision - to picture in the mind; evident - clearly visible.

Viv/i Vit
live, life - Latin - revival - the act of bringing back to life; vital - pertaining to live; vivacious - high-spirited and full of life.

voice, call - Latin - advocate - to speak in favor of; equivocate - to use misleading language that could be interpreted two different ways; vocalize - to produce with your voice.

wish, will - Latin - benevolent - showing good will and kindness; volition - the act of making a choice or decision, voluntary - resulting from your own free will.

Vor, Vour
eat - Latin - carnivorous - meat-eating; voracious - desiring or eating food in great quantities; devour - to eat quickly.

yellow - Latin - xanthium- a genus of coarse and rough or spiny herbs; xanthochromia- yellowish discoloration (as of the skin or cerebrospinal fluid); xanthogenic

foreign - Greek - xenophobic - afraid of foreigners; xenogenesis - the creation of offspring that is completely different from either parent; xenophile - attracted to foreigners.

dry - Greek - xerophyte - a plant that grows in dry climate; xerography - a dry photocopying process; xeric - requiring small amounts of moisture.

wood - Greek - xylocarp; xyloid- resembling wood; xylophone-an organ percussion stop of similar tone quality

animal life - Greek - zoology - study of animals; zooid - resembling an animal; zooplankton - minute floating aquatic animals.

pair - Greek - zygote - a cell formed by the union of two gametes and the organism developing from that; zygomorphic - pertaining to organisms that can be divided into symmetrical halves along one axis only.

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