Geology Punjab PMS Paper I Syllabus

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PAPER – I

Total Marks: 100

Physical Geology:

Earth as a member of the solar system; its origin, age, composition and internal structure. Geomorphic processes

Structural Geology:

Physical properties of rocks and rock behavior in different tectonic environments; deformation by fracturing and folding; interpretation of linear and planar elements.

Paleontology:

Paleontological principles and techniques and their application to the evolution of life, the ecological structure of ancient biological communities, and the history of the earth.

Stratigraphy and Sedimentology:

Principles of stratigraphy; Stratigraphic record and nomenclature, Geological time scale, Stratigraphy of Salt Range. Origin, transportation and deposition of sediments; biostratigraphic dating and correlation; Sedimentary processes and environments.

Mineralogy/ Petrology:

Crystal chemistry; crystal growth and mineral genesis, physicochemical principles governing crystal structures. Mineralogical, chemical, textural, and structural properties of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks; their origin and relations to evolution of the Earth crust and mantle including rocks of both the continents and ocean basins.

Geochemistry:

chemical processes involved in the development of the earth and distribution of the elements in the earth‟s crust, atmosphere and ocean. Physical chemistry of soils including soil mineralogy (formation, relative stability, ion exchange properties) and surface chemistry. Principles of thermodynamics. Application of thermo chemistry to high and low temperature processes.

 



 

RECOMMENDED BOOKS

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5. Best, M.G. (2003) Igneous and metamorphic Petrology, Blackwell Science

6. Davis, G.H. and Reynolds, S.J. (1996), Structural Geology of Rocks and Regions, John Wiley & Sons.

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13. Keary, P and Vine, F.J. (1996) Global Tectonics, Blackwell.

14. Montgomery, C.W., (2005) Environmental Geology, McGraw Hill.

15. North, F.K. (1985) Petroleum Geology, Allen & Unwin.

16. Plummer, (2005), Physical Geology, Mcgeay and Carlson.

17. Raup, D.M. and Stanley, S.M. (1985), Principles of Paleontology, W.H. Freeman & Co.

18. Sam Boggs (1987), Sedimentology and Stratigraphy.

19. Shah. S.I. (1977) Stratigraphy of Pakistan, Geological Survey of Pakistan.

20. Solomon, S., Qin, D., Manning, M., (2007) Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basics, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change (IPPCC).

21. Thomas M.L, and Ralph, W.K. (2003) Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation, John Wiley & Sons.

22. Willam H.B. (1990) Principles of Mineralogy, Oxford University Press.

23. Yeung, Lo.C.P. and Lal, A.K. (2003) Concepts and Techniques of Geographic Information System, Prentice Hall.



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