Everyday Science CSS Paper 2013

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION – 2013
FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BS 17
UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
GENERAL KNOWLEDGE – I (EVERYDAY SCIENCE)

TIME ALLOWED:
(PART-I) 80 MINUTES MAXIMUM MARKS: 50
(PART-II) MINUTES MAXIMUM MARKS: 50

PART-I

Q.1 Select the best option and fill in the appropriate circle.

  1. Who proposed the concept “All motion is relative”?
    a. Albert Einstein b. John Kepler c. Galileo Galilei d. None of these

  2. The field of specialization of famous Muslim scientist Abu Usman Al Jahiz was:
    a. Botany b. Zoology c. Astronomy d. None of these

  3. Albatros is:
    a. A sea bird b. A beetle c. A fruit d. None of these

  4. The sunlight can reach a depth of …….. meters in the ocean:
    a. 100 b. 80 c. 120 d. None of these

  5. The biggest planet in our solar system is:
    a. Venus b. Pluto c. Jupiter d. None of these

  6. The biggest species of the cat family is:
    a. Tiger b. Lion c. Leopard d. None of these

  7. Which group of animals has heterogametic females?
    a. Domestic fowl b. Earthworm c. Rabbit d. None of these

  8. The dominant phase of life cycle in these organism is haploid:
    a. Mosses b. Bacteria c. Protozoa d. None of these

  9. The atmosphere of moon consists of:
    a. 90% Hydrogen, 10% Nitrogen b. 80%Nitrogen, 20% Hydrogen c. 60% Nitrogen, 40%inert gases d. None of these

  10. The chemical name of quartz is:
    a. Silicon Dioxide b. Stannous Oxide c. Aluminium Oxide d. None of these

  11. Which month of calendar year can lack a new moon?
    a. December b. February c. May d. None of these

  12. Deuterium differs from Hydrogen in having:
    a. Different atomic number but same atomic weight b. Different atomic number and different atomic weight c. Same atomic number and different atomic weight d. None of these

  13. One of the following is a water soluble vitamin:
    a. Vitamin A b. Vitamin D c. Vitamin K d. None of these

  14. Coulomb is the scientific unit to measure:
    a. Velocity b. Temperature c. Mass d. None of these

  15. Equator passes through one of these countries:
    a. Saudi Arabia b. Italy c. Japan d. None of these

  16. Anti Diuretic hormone is secreted by one of the following glands:
    a. Pituitary b. Pancreas c. Thyroid d. None of these

  17. Basha Dam is to be constructed on:
    a. River Sutlej b. River Jhelum c. River Chenab d. None of these

  18. UV light falls in the category of:
    a. Ionizing Radiations b. Non Ionizing Radiation c. Visible light d. None of these

  19. The earth’s ……………….is divided into 15 major plates of various sizes:
    a. Mesosphere b. Stratosphere c. Lithosphere d. None of these

  20. One of these scientists formulated basic laws of Geometry:
    a. Pythagoras b. Archimedes c. Aristotle d. None of these

  21. Phosphorus is an essential component of one of the following biological molecules:
    a. Amino acids b. Nucleic acids c. Carbohydrates d. None of these

  22. He was the first scientist to prove that plants move around the sun:
    a. Archimedes b. Galileo Galilei c. John Kepler d. None of these

  23. Atom is made up of ……….. different kinds of subatomic particles:
    a. Three b. Two c. Four d. None of these

  24. Uranium is best used as nuclear fuel in one of the following forms:
    a. U 235 b. U 237 c. U 238 d. None of these

  25. The alpha particles are compact clusters of:
    a. Electron and Proton b. Two Protons and two Neutrons c. Three protons and three Neutrons d. None of these

  26. The Beta particles are fast moving
    a. Protons b. Electrons c. Neutrons d. None of these

  27. One of the following countries produces maximum energy from atomic reactors:
    a. France b. USA c. UK d. None of these

  28. The unit to measure the quantity of Ozone in atmosphere is
    a. Dobson b. Dalton c. Cuolomb d. None of these

  29. The severity of 2005 earthquake in Pakistan on Richter scale was
    a. 6.9 b. 7.6 c. 7.1 d. None of these

  30. Geiger-Muller counter is used to detect:
    a. Protons b. Neutrons c. Photons d. None of these

  31. Vacuum tubes have been replaced by:
    a. Conductors b. Diodes c. Transistors

  32. Dacron is
    a. Polyethylene b. Epoxy c. Polyamide d. None of these

  33. It is a secondary plant nutrient:
    a. Nitrogen b. Phosphorus c. Sulphur d. None of these

  34. An area of microbiology that is concerned with the occurrence of disease in human population is
    a. Immunology b. Parasitology c. Epidemiology d. None of these

  35. The number of electrons of a neutral atom is automatically known if one knows the:
    a. Atomic number b. Atomic weight c. Number of orbitals d. None of these

  36. Which of the following is not an enzyme?
    a. Chymotrypsin b. Secretin c. Pepsin d. None of these

  37. It is impossible for a type of O+ baby to have a type of ………….. mother:
    a. AB- b. O- c. O+ d. None of these

  38. Serum if blood plasma minus its:
    a. Calcium ions b. Clotting proteins c. Globulins d. None of these

  39. The autonomic nervous system innervates all of these except:
    a. Cardiac muscles b. Skeletal muscles c. Smooth muscles d. None of these

  40. The damage to the ………….. nerve could result in the defect of the eye movement:
    a. Optic b. Trigeminal c. Abducens d. None of these

  41. Which of these is not a region of the spinal cord?
    a. Thoracic b. Pelvic c. Lumbar d. None of these

  42. The shape of the external ear is due to:
    a. Elastic cartilage b. Fibrocartilage c. Articular cartilage d. None of these

  43. The external surface of the stomach is covered by
    a. Mucosa b. Serosa c. Parietal peritoneum d. None of these

  44. Which of the following is not a human organ system?
    a. Integumentary b. Muscular c. Epithelial d. None of these

  45. Which of the following does not vary predictably with the depth of the aquatic environment?
    a. Salinity b. Temperature c. Penetration by sunlight d. None of these

  46. The quantity of available nutrients ………….from the lower levels of the energy pyramids to the higher ones.
    a. Increases b. decreases c. remains stable d. None of these

  47. Which of the following is not a major sub division of the biosphere?
    a. Hydrosphere b. Stratosphere c. Lithosphere d. None of these

  48. Vaccination is synonymous with ………….. immunity.
    a. Natural active b. Artificial passive c. Artificial active d. None of these

  49. When a patient’s immune system becomes reactive to a drug, this is an example of:
    a. Super infection b. Drug resistance c. Allergy d. None of these

  50. What is the smallest unit of heredity?
    a. Chromosomes b. Gene c. Nucleotides d. None of these


Part-II

Attempt only FIVE Questions

Q.No.2. (a) “The flood disaster in Pakistan is caused by the follies of humans”.comment (5)
(b) State the message of “The Earth Hour Movement”. (5)

Q.No.3. (a) Porifera is an ancient group of animals from Cambrian period. What is the cause of their survival/success? (5)
(b) How heavy water differs from ordinary water and what is its use in Atomic Reactor? (5)

Q.No.4. What part do antibodies play in allergic reaction? How vaccination can be helpful in its control/prevention? (10)

Q.No.5. (a) Differentiate between Renewable and Non-renewable sources of energy. Give examples of each one of them. (5)
(b) Why Nuclear Energy is being preferred in developed countries and why are we lagging behind in this important source of energy? (5)

Q.No.6. (a) What is Nanotechnology and what are its use? (5)
(b) Briefly explain the differences between Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy. (5)

Q.No.7. Write Comprehensive note on:
(a) LASER and their use (5)
(b) OPTIC FIBRES and their importance in modern telecom system (5)

Q.No.8. Write all that you know about Pesticides. How are they classified by agronomists? (10)

Q.No.9. Write note on:
(a) Biotechnology (5)
(b) Global Warming (5)