Everyday Science CSS Paper 2010

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION – 2010
FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BS 17
UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
GENERAL KNOWLEDGE – I (EVERYDAY SCIENCE)

TIME ALLOWED:
(PART-I) 80 MINUTES MAXIMUM MARKS: 50
(PART-II) MINUTES MAXIMUM MARKS: 50

Question 1. Select the best option and fill in the appropriate Box on the answer sheet: (50 Marks)

Q No. 01. Water is heated in a kettle. The inside water is heated by convection. A person sitting near the fire receives heat by :
a) Conduction b) Convection c) Radiation d) Reflection e) None of these

  1. A time can come when we will be able to design a machine which can go on working for ever without the expenditure of energy. Is it possible ?
    a) No b) Yes c) In due course time d) Very soon e) None of these

  2. The measurement of rainfall is made by an instrument known as :
    a) Hydrometer b) Barometer c) Hygrometer d) Pedometer e) None of these

  3. Light year is a unit of :
    a) Distance b) Time Period c) Light intensity d) Time e) none of these

  4. Three elements needed for the healthy growth of plants are :
    a) N,P,K b) N,C,P c) N,K,C d) N,S,P e) none of these

6.Copper can be converted into gold by :
a) Heating b) Artificial Radioactivity c) Electroplating d) Chemical reaction e) None of these

  1. In winter an iron pipe feel colder than a wooden window . This is because wood is :
    a) Conductor b) non-Conductor c) Semi- Conductor d) Not a solid while iron is a solid e) None of these

  2. The echo (reflected sound) will be distinctly heard only at ordinary temperatures if the distance of the reflecting surfaces from the source of sound is at least :
    a) 1120 ft b) 120 ft c) 56fft d) 100 ft e) None of these

  3. It is possible to recognize a person in the dark by simply hearing his unique voice . It is because of the:
    a) pitch b) Frequency c) Time period d) Quality e) None of these

  4. When a ray of sunlight enters a dark room , its straight path become visible because of dust particles hanging in the air. It is because light is :
    a) Visible b) Transparent c) Invisible d) opaque e) None of these

  5. A six feet tall lady wants to see her full image in a plane mirror . The minimum length of the mirror will be :
    a) 6 feet b) 12 feet c) 4 feet d) 3 feet e) None of these

  6. The principle used in radar is the same as that of Sonar. In radar we use radio waves ; whereas in sonar we use :
    a) red waves b) Infrared waves c) Ultrasonic d) super sonic e) None of these

  7. In a fission nuclear reaction , a heavy nucleus breaks up into smaller nuclei whereas in another nuclear reaction two or more than two possibly nuclei are fused to form a heavy nucleus This nuclear reaction is called :
    a) Chemical Reaction b) Nuclear reaction c) Fission nuclear reaction d) Fusion nuclear reaction e) None of these

  8. Parsec is a unit of :
    a) Energy b) Time c) Power d) Distance e) None of these

  9. German Silver is an alloy of:
    a) Zn + Ni b) Cu + Zn c) Cu + Ni d) Cu + Sn e) None of these

  10. The Continent Antarctica lies at the:
    a) North pole b) South pole c) middle of the earth d) Equator e) None of these

  11. The temperature of the dead body is:
    a) 0 ‘C b) 37 ‘C c) room temperature d) temperature of the place where it is kept e) None of these

  12. Lactometer is a type of Hydrometer which is used to measure the specific gravity of :
    a) Honey b) Water c) Milk d) olive oil e) None of these

  13. Cusec is a unit of :
    a) Area b) Time c) Distance d) mass e) None of these

  14. The deepest place on earth is :
    a) Trench b) Mariana Trench c) Mangrove d) Groove e) None of these

  15. Twinkling of stars is caused by :
    a) Reflection of light b) Polarization of light c) refraction of light d) Interference of light e) None of these

  16. Magnifying power of a simple microscope can be increased by :
    a) increasing focal length of the lens b) Decreasing focal length of the lens c) Lens of large aperture d) lens of short aperture e) None of these

  17. Bronze medal is made up of metal :
    a) Copper, Zinc b) Copper, Nickel c) Copper, Tin d) Copper, Silver

  18. One of the countries through which equator passes is :
    a) Kenya b) Pakistan c) Malaysia d) Malta e) None of these

  19. A very important practical application of properties of matter is hoeing or “godi” practiced by the farmers. This property of matter is called :
    a) Elasticity b) Stress c) Capillarity d) Strain e) None of these

  20. It is observed that the total pressure exerted by air on the man of average size is around 14.7 lb wt. per square inch. But the man feels quite comfortable,. It is because of :
    a) An equal and opposite pressure acts from inside b) of the height of a man c) of gravity d) Earth pulls the man upward e) None of these

27) A nuclear reactor is a device used to carry out controlled nuclear reaction whereas GM counter is a device used to detect :
a) Current b) Voltage c) nuclear Radiation d) power e) None of these

  1. A body can escape the gravitational pull of the earth if it is thrown up with a velocity of:
    a) 25 miles per sec b ) 60 miles per sec c) 7 miles per sec d) 10 miles per sec e) None of these

  2. Night vision is possible with the help of :
    a) Red light b) Violet light c) Infrared Rays d) Ultraviolet Light e) None of these

  3. Myopia is a defect of human eye. it can be corrected by using a lens called :
    a) Convex lens b) Concave lens c) Cylindrical lens d) Plano convex lens e) None of these

  4. Walnuts can be broken in the hand by squeezing two together but not one. It is because of :
    a) Work done b) Power c) Energy d) Volume e) None of these

  5. The instrument which i specially design for recording earth quake wave is called seismograph which measure earth quake waves on a
    a) Diatonic scale b) Fahrenheit Scale c) Richter scale d) Celsius Scale e) None of these

  6. The planet Mercury completes one rotation around the sun is
    a) 88 days b) 365 days c) 98 days d) 60 days e) None of these

  7. Fossils found in the lowest geological strata are generally most :
    a) Advance b) Complex c) Primitive d) Specialized e) None of these

  8. Evolution can be described as :
    a) A continuing process b) A catastrophic event in the past c) Static d) The attaining of an ideal type e) None of these

  9. What is the only source of new alleles?
    a) Crossing over b) independent assortment c) Mutation d) Fertilization e) None of these

  10. Polygenic characteristic are controlled by :
    a) Dominant genes b) Recessive genes c) Multiple genes d) Mutated genes e) None of these

  11. Which of the following , lists the four stages of food processing in order?
    a) ingestion , digestion , absorption , elimination b) digestion , ingestion , absorption , elimination c) ingestion , absorption , elimination , digestion d) absorption , digestion , ingestion , elimination
    e) None of these

  12. In humans , most nutrient molecules are absorbed by the :
    a) small intestine b) stomach c) liver d) large intestine e) None of these

  13. The energy needed to fuel essential body processes is called :
    a) Essential nutrient level b) Basal metabolism c) None of these d) recommended daily allowance e) Optimum energy intake

  14. Which of the following is an organic molecule needed by the body in small amounts?
    a) Protein b) Vitamin C c) Zinc d) Monosaccharide e) None of these

  15. Inhaled air passes through which of the following in the last?
    a) Bronchiole b) Larynx c) Pharynx d) Trachea e) None of these

  16. Which of the following is a form of sexual reproduction?
    a) Hermaphroditism B) Fission c) Fragmentation d) Budding e) None of these

  17. Cobalt is a material which is :
    a) Strongly attracted by a magnet b) Not attracted by a magnet c) not a magnet d) Weakly attracted by a magnet e) None of these

  18. Laughing gas has chemical composition of the following two elements which are :
    a) Nitrogen + Hydrogen b) Nitrogen + Carbon c) Nitrogen + oxygen d) Oxygen + Carbon e) None of these

  19. Hepatitis A is transmitted to different individuals by :
    a) Water b) Sneezing c) Spit d) Foeces e) None of these

  20. The unit that coordinates different devices of the computer system is :
    a) ALU b)Register c) Control unit d) Logical instruction e) None of these

  21. The most abundant element present is in the human body is :
    a) Nitrogen b) Oxygen c) Carbon d) Hydrogen e) None of these

  22. Cancer can be treated by :
    a) Antibiotics and vaccines b) Radiotherapy and antibodies c) Chemotherapy and radiotherapy d) Antibodies and chemotherapy e) None of these

  23. Animals obtain carbon dioxide mainly from :
    a) Starch b) Sucrose c) Glucose d) Glycogen e) None of these


Part – II

Attempt only five questions. All questions carry equal marks. (50 Marks)

Question No. 02 : Write short note on the following by giving their exact life span and contributions to the field of science. ( Accurate fact will be appreciated) (10)

a) Al- Beruni b) Ibn- al – Haitham

Question No. 03: What do you know about hereditary disease ? Comment how they are transferred from parents to offsprings ? (10)

Question No. 04: Write briefly any five of the following: (Answer in three or four sentences) (10)
a) Plaster of Paris b) Reflex Action c) Pacemaker d) Swine flu e) Microwave oven f) Internet g) Voltage Stabilizer

Question No. 05:
A) What is global warming ? Is there any a sunny side to global warming ? If yes , explain. (5)
B) What makes the seasons happen ? (5)

Question No. 06: In which region of the world , the following animals are found? Give two main characteristics of each. (10)
a) Blind dolphin b) Kangaroo c) panda d) Kiwi e) Penguin

Question No. 07:
A) In which organ these parts are present in animals or human body ? (5)
B) Describe the function of each briefly : (5)
Coronary artery
Sino- Auricular Node
Aortic valve
Auricle
Question No. 08: Differentiate between the following pairs:

a) Hydrometer and Hygrometer
b) Perimeter and Telemeter
c) Isotopes and Isomers
d) Flying mammal and Bird
e) Vertebrates and Invertebrates

Question No. 09:
A) What are pesticides? Explain how these are dangerous to human beings?
B) What do the following scientific abbreviations stand for?
1) STP 2) LORAN 3) SONAR 4) MAF 5) MeV 6) MASER 7) AWACS 8) CCTV