Countries with nuclear weapons
The United States conducted its first nuclear test explosion in July 1945 and dropped two atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945.
Just four years later, the Soviet Union conducted its first nuclear test explosion.
The United Kingdom (1952), France (1960), and China (1964) followed.
Seeking to prevent the nuclear weapon ranks from expanding further, the United States and other like-minded states negotiated the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1968 and the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1996.
Eight sovereign states have publicly announced successful detonation of nuclear weapons.
Five are considered to be nuclear-weapon states (NWS) under the terms of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).
Since the NPT entered into force in 1970, three states that were not parties to the Treaty have conducted overt nuclear tests, namely India, Pakistan, and North Korea.
North Korea had been a party to the NPT but withdrew in 2003.
Israel is also generally understood to have nuclear weapons, but does not acknowledge it, maintaining a policy of deliberate ambiguity.
States That Had Nuclear Weapons or Nuclear Weapons Programs at One Time
Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine inherited nuclear weapons following the Soviet Union’s 1991 collapse, but returned them to Russia and joined the NPT as non-nuclear-weapon states.
South Africa secretly developed but subsequently dismantled its small number of nuclear warheads and also joined the NPT in 1991.
Iraq had an active nuclear weapons program prior to the 1991 Persian Gulf War, but was forced to verifiably dismantle it under the supervision of UN inspectors. The U.S.-led March 2003 invasion of
Iraq and subsequent capture of Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein definitively ended his regime’s pursuit of nuclear weapons.
Libya voluntarily renounced its secret nuclear weapons efforts in December 2003.
Argentina, Brazil, South Korea, and Taiwan also shelved nuclear weapons programs.
|#||Country||Warheads||CTBT Status||First Test||First Test Name||First Test Site||Total tests|
|1||United States||6185||Signatory||Mon, Jul 16, 1945||Trinity||Alamogordo, New Mexico||1,054|
|2||Russia||6490||Ratifier||Mon, Aug 29, 1949||RDS-1||Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan||715|
|3||France||300||Ratifier||Sat, Feb 13, 1960||Gerboise Bleue||Sahara, French Algeria||201|
|4||United Kingdom||200||Ratifier||Fri, Oct 3, 1952||Hurricane||Monte Bello Island, Australia||45|
|5||China||290||Signatory||Fri, Oct 16, 1964||596||Lop Nur, Xingjiang||45|
|6||India||140||Non-signatory||Sat, May 18, 1974||Smiling Buddha||Pokhran, Rajasthan||6|
|7||Pakistan||160||Non-signatory||Thu, May 28, 1998||Chagai-1||Chagai, Balochistan||6|
|8||North Korea||30||Non-signatory||Mon, Oct 9, 2006||Kilju, North Hamgyong||6|
|9||Israel||90||Signatory||Sat, Sep 22, 1979|