Sociology Punjab PMS Syllabus Recommended Books

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List of Readings

  1. Browne, Ken. (2006). Introducing Sociology for AS Level. 2nd Edition. Polity Press

  2. Cohen, Stephen Philip. (2005). The Idea of Pakistan. Vanguard Books (pvt.) Ltd.

  3. Ferrante, Joan. (2003). Sociology: A Global Perspective. 5th Edition. Thomson Wadswarth, Australia.

4 Giddens, Anthony. (2006). Sociology. 5th Edition. Polity Press.

  1. Haqqani, Husain. (2005). Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military. Vanguard Books (pvt.) Ltd.

  2. Macionis, John J. Sociology. 7th Edition. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey

  3. Raza, Rafi. (2001) Pakistan in Perspective: 1947-1997. 1st Edition. Oxford University Press

  4. Talha, Naureen. (2000). Economic Factors in the Making of Pakistan (1921-1947). Oxford University Press

  5. Chakravarti, Ashok. (2005). Aid, Institutions and Development: New Approaches to Growth. Governance and Poverty. Oxford university Press, New Delhi, India.

  6. Webster, Andrew. (1990). Introduction to Sociology of Development. Macmillan Education Ltd.

  7. Craig, Baxter. (2001). Pakistan 2000. Oxford University Press.

  8. Ahmad, Akbar S. (1986). Pakistan Society: Islam, Ethnicity and Leadership in South Asia. Oxford University Press, New York.

  9. Merton, Robert K. (1961). Contemporary Social Problems. Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc.

  10. Neuman, W. Lawrence. (2000). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Allyn and Bacon.

  11. Hamilton, Malcolm. (20000. The Sociology of Religion. 2nd Edition. Routledge, New York

  12. Chaudhry, M. Iqbal. (1980) Pakistan Society: A Sociological Perspective. Aziz Publishers.

  13. Riterz, George. (1992). Sociological Theory. McGraw Hill.


Sociology Balochistan PCS Syllabus

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Total Marks 150

SOCIOLOGY
Definition, Scope and methods of Sociology, Study of social problems population, rate relations, disorganization of families, crime etc. History of social thought etc. Social structures like Government, Family etc. Community and community organization with study of Ecology and group relationship, Family, Marriage and Population problems with special reference to social problems of Pakistan.

Sociology Sindh PCS Syllabus

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Sociology

Total Marks 150

Definition, scope and methods of Sociology, study of Social Problems, Population Race, Relations, Dis-Organisation of families, Crime, etc. History of Social thought Social Structure like Government, family, etc. Community and community Organization with study of Ecology and Group Relationship. Family, Marriage and Population problems with special Reference to Social Problem of Pakistan

Sociology KP PMS Syllabus

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Sociology

Total Marks – 100

1. Individual, culture and society: Individual as a social product. The variety of social forms, methods of socialization, ethnocentrisms, norms and values, cultural patterns, varieties of sub-cultures

2. Sociological theory: The sociological perspectives – Evolutionary, order and conflict, evolutionary theorists – Ibn-i-Khaldun, Spencer and Tannis. Order theorists – August Comte, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber. Conflict theorists – George Hegel, Karl Marx, Lewis Coser, Mills

3. Methods of sociological research: Research design, surveys, participant observation, experiments, case studies

4. Social interaction: Significance of social classes, forms of social classes – tribes, biradaris, castes, classes and feudal system in Pakistan. Social mobility – nature of social mobility. Mobility determinants in Pakistan society, social immobility, culture in poverty

5. Social control: Mechanism of social control – internal and external means of social control. Alienation, integration – integrative patterns in Pakistani society

6. Social and cultural change and social policy: Processed of social and culture change – discovery, invention, diffusion, factors in rate of social and cultural change. Incentives and inhibitions to social and cultural change in Pakistan. Social planning and directed social and cultural change

7. Community: The rural community, traditional characteristics of rural life, the urban community, rural – urban convergence, urbanism, future of cities in Pakistan

8. Social institutions: The nature and genesis of institutions, the process of institutions, functions and trade of social institutions. Family, religion, educational, economic and political institutions

9. Social problems in Pakistan: Population growth, demographic transition – deviant behaviour, institutionalized evasions, social conflicts, internal and international migration, aging, drug abuse, prostitution, smuggling, illiteracy and poverty

Sociology Punjab PMS Paper II Syllabus

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PAPER-II APPLIED SOCIOLOGY

Total Marks: 100

1. SOCIOLOGICAL METHODS

1) Influences on the choice of research method

a. Positivism and research methods

b. Interpretive research methods

c. Other influences on the choice of research methods

2) Key issues in social research

a. Validity

b. Reliability

c. Ethics

3) Primary and Secondary data

4) Qualitative secondary sources

a. The advantage and uses of qualitative secondary sources

b. The disadvantages and limitations of qualitative secondary sources

c. Content analysis

5) Qualitative secondary sources

a. The advantages and uses of official statistics

b. The problems and limitations of official statistics

6) The experimental (laboratory) methods of research

a. Problems of using the experimental method in sociology

b. Field experiments

7) The Comparative methods

8) Surveys and sampling methods

a. Who uses the survey method?

b. Representativeness and sampling

c. The stages of a survey

d. Problems of the social survey

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2. GLOBALIZATION AND SOCIAL CHANGE

1. Globalization

i. Factors contributing to globalization

ii. The globalization debate

iii. The impact of globalization

iv. Global Interdependence

2. What is Social Change?

a. Globalization: Essential Features

b. Causes and consequences of social change

c. Factors contributing to globalization

d. The globalization debate

e. The impact of globalization

3. Innovations

i. International tourism

Changes in the ways people relate to information

The cultural base and the rate of change

Cultural lag

Revolutionary ideas
ii. Conflict
The cold war origin of the internet

iii. The pursuit of profit World system theory

Responses to economic stagnation

3. GLOBAL INEQUALITY

1. Global economic inequality

i. High-income countries

ii. Middle-income countries

iii. Low-income countries

iv. Is global economic inequality increasing?

2. Life in rich and poor countries

v. Health

vi. Hunger, malnutrition and famine

vii. Education and Literacy

3. Can poor countries become rich?

i. Theories of development

ii. Evaluating theories of development

iii. The role of international organizations and global inequality

iv. Global economic inequality in a changing world

4. World population growth

i. Population analysis: demography

ii. Dynamics of population change

iii. Malthusianism

iv. The demographic transition

v. Prospects of change

4. CRIME AND DEVIANCE

1. Basic concepts

2. Explaining crime and deviance: sociological theories

i. Functionalist Theories

ii. Integrationist theory

iii. Conflict theories: „the new criminology‟

iv. Control theories

v. Theoretical conclusions

3. Patterns of crime in Pakistan

i. Crime and crime statistics

4. Victims and perpetrators of crime

i. Gender and crime

ii. Youth and crime

iii. White-collar crime

iv. Organized crime

v. Cyber crime

5. Prisons: is it the answer to crime?

6. Conclusion: deviance and social order



List of Readings

1. Browne, Ken. (2006). Introducing Sociology for AS Level. 2nd Edition. Polity Press

2. Cohen, Stephen Philip. (2005). The Idea of Pakistan. Vanguard Books (pvt.) Ltd.

3. Ferrante, Joan. (2003). Sociology: A Global Perspective. 5th Edition. Thomson Wadswarth, Australia.

4 Giddens, Anthony. (2006). Sociology. 5th Edition. Polity Press.

5. Haqqani, Husain. (2005). Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military. Vanguard Books (pvt.) Ltd.

6. Macionis, John J. Sociology. 7th Edition. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey

7. Raza, Rafi. (2001) Pakistan in Perspective: 1947-1997. 1st Edition. Oxford University Press

8. Talha, Naureen. (2000). Economic Factors in the Making of Pakistan (1921-1947). Oxford University Press

9. Chakravarti, Ashok. (2005). Aid, Institutions and Development: New Approaches to Growth. Governance and Poverty. Oxford university Press, New Delhi, India.

10. Webster, Andrew. (1990). Introduction to Sociology of Development. Macmillan Education Ltd.

11. Craig, Baxter. (2001). Pakistan 2000. Oxford University Press.

12. Ahmad, Akbar S. (1986). Pakistan Society: Islam, Ethnicity and Leadership in South Asia. Oxford University Press, New York.

13. Merton, Robert K. (1961). Contemporary Social Problems. Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc.

14. Neuman, W. Lawrence. (2000). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Allyn and Bacon.

15. Hamilton, Malcolm. (20000. The Sociology of Religion. 2nd Edition. Routledge, New York

16. Chaudhry, M. Iqbal. (1980) Pakistan Society: A Sociological Perspective. Aziz Publishers.

17. Riterz, George. (1992). Sociological Theory. McGraw Hill.



Sociology Punjab PMS Paper I Syllabus

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PAPER – I PRINCIPLES OF SOCIOLOGY
Total Marks: 100

1. INTRODUCTION

i. Definition of Sociology

ii. Culture and Society

iii. Socialization, Norms, Values, Status and Roles

iv. Sociological Perspectives

a. Structuralism

b. Interpretive theories

c. Modernism And Postmodernism

2. FAMILIES AND HOUSEHOLDS

i. Sociological perspectives on the family

a. The functionalist perspective

b. The traditional Marxist perspective

c. Marxist feminist and radical feminist perspective on the family

ii. Family ideology

iii. Politics, Social Policy and the family

iv. Is the family a declining social institution?

3. SEX AND GENDER

i. Sex: A Biological Distinction

ii. Gender: A Cultural Distinction

a. Gender in global perspective

b. Patriarchy and sexism

iii. Gender Socialization

a. Gender and the family

b. Gender and the peer group

c. Gender and schooling

d. Gender and the mass media

iv. Gender Stratification

a. Working men and women

b. Housework: women‟s “second shift”

c. Gender, income and wealth

d. Gender and education

e. Gender and politics

f. Gender and the Military

g. Are women a minority?

h. Minority women

i. Violence against women

v. Theoretical analysis of gender

a. Structural-Functional Analysis

b. Social-conflict analysis

vi. Feminism

a. Basic feminist ideas

b. Variations within feminism

c. Opposition to feminism

4. HEALTH

i. What is meant by „health‟, „illness‟ and „disease‟?

ii. Disability

iii. The medical and social models of health

a. The medical (biomedical) model of health

b. The social model of health

iv. Becoming a health statistic

v. Medicine and social control; the sick role

a. Features of the sick role

vi. The power of the medical profession

a. Protecting the patient

b. Criticisms of the medical professions

c. The erosion of medical power?

vii. Marxist approaches to health and medicine

viii. How society influences health

a. Improvements in health in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries

ix. The new „disease burden‟

a. What are the causes of these new diseases?

x. Inequalities in health

a. Social class inequalities in health

b. Gender differences in health

xi. Inequalities in health

a. Funding

b. Geography

c. Social Class

d. Disability

xii. Mental illness

a. What is mental illness?

b. Care in the community

c. The biomedical approach to mental illness

d. The social construction of mental illness



5. THE MASS MEDIA

1) The power of the media

2) Ownership of the mass media

3) The mass media and ideology

4) Do the owners of the media control their content?

a. The manipulative or instrumentalist approach

b. The dominant ideology or hegemonic approach

c. The pluralist approach

5) Violence and the media

6) What affects the content of the media? Bias in the media

a. The owners

b. Making a profit

c. Organizational constraints

d. Agenda-setting

e. Gate-keeping

f. Norm-setting

7) The presentation and social construction of the news

a. Inaccurate and false reporting

b. News values and „newsworthiness‟

c. The assumptions and activities of journalists

8) The media, crime and deviance

9) Media Representation and Stereotyping

a. Media representations of age

b. Media representations of social class

c. Media representations of ethnicity

d. Media representations of gender

e. Media representations of disability

10) The mass media and mass culture

a. „Mass culture‟

b. „High culture‟

c. A Marxist view of mass culture

d. Criticism of the idea of a „mass culture‟

6. EDUCATION

1. The Function of Schooling

a. Socialization

b. Culture Innovation

c. Social Integration

d. Social Placement

e. Latent Functions of Schooling

2. Schooling and social Inequality

a. Social control

b. Standardized testing

c. School tracking

d. Inequality among schools

e. Access to higher education

f. Credentialism

g. Privilege and personal merit

7. COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOR AND SOCIAL MOVEMENTS

1. Localized Collectives: Crowds

a. Mobs and riots

b. Crowds, mobs and social change

c. Explaining crowd behavior

2. Dispersed collectives: mass behavior

a. Rumor and gossip

b. Public opinion and propaganda

c. Panic and mass hysteria

d. Fashions and fads

3. Social Movement

a. Types of social movements

b. Explaining social movements

c. Gender and social movements

d. Stages and social movements

e. Social movements and social change

f. Social engineering

8. ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY

1. Ecology: The study of the natural environment

a. The role of sociology

b. The global dimension

c. The historical dimension

d. Population increase

e. Cultural patterns: growth and limits

2. Environmental Issues

a. Solid waste: the disposable society

b. Preserving clean water

c. Cleaning the air

d. Acid rain

e. The rain forests

3. Society and the environment: theoretical analysis

a. Structural-functional analysis

b. Cultural ecology

c. Social-conflict analysis

d. Alternative dispute resolution

e. Environmental racism

9. RELIGION IN MODERN SOCIETY

a. Sociological theories and ideas

a. Sociological study of religion

b. Theories of religion

b. Real world religions

a. Totemism and animism

b. Judasim, Christianity and Islam

c. The religions of the Far East

d. Religious organizations

c. Secularization and religious revival

10. POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT

1. Power and Authority

i. Traditional authority

ii. Regional-legal authority

iii. Charismatic authority

2. Politics in global perspective

i. Monarchy

ii. Democracy

iii. Authoritarianism

iv. Totalitarianism

v. A Global political system?

3. Theoretical analysis of power in society

i. The pluralist model: the people rule

ii. The Power-elite model: a few people rule

iii. The Marxist model: bias in the system itself

4. Power beyond the rules

i. Revolution

ii. Terrorism

5. War And Peace

i. The causes of war

ii. The costs and causes of militarism

iii. Nuclear weapons

iv. The pursuit of peace

11. POPULATION AND URBANIZATION

1. Demography: the study of population

i. Fertility

ii. Mortality

iii. Migration

iv. Population growth

v. Population composition

2. History and Theory of Population Growth

i. Malthusian theory

ii. Demographic transition theory

iii. Global population today: a brief survey



Sociology Sindh PCS Syllabus

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Sociology. Definition, scope and methods of Sociology, study of Social Problems, Population Race, Relations, Dis-Organisation of families, Crime, etc.

History of Social thought Social Structure like Government, family, etc.

Community and community Organization with study of Ecology and Group Relationship.

Family, Marriage and Population problems with special Reference to Social Problem of Pakistan.

 

 

Sociology CSS Syllabus Suggested Readings

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S.No.TitleAuthor
1.Sociology: A down to earth approachJames M. Henslin
2.Method of Social ResearchBaily
3.Poverty CurtainsDr. Mehboob-ul-haq
4.Contemporary Sociological TheoriesPitrim Sorokin
5.Master of Sociological ThoughtLewis A.Coser
6.SociologyOgbum & Nimkoff
7.Social Change and HistoryRobert Nisbet
8.Feudal System in PakistanNawab Haider Naqvi
9.The Sociology of Rural LifeLynn Smith, T.
10.Sociology-Social Structure and Social ConflictKerbo, Harold R. (1989).
11.Sociology: An Introduction to the Science of SocietyKoening Samuel
12.Marriage and The FamilyLee, Alfred Mclung, Elizabeth Briant (1961).
13.The Design of Social ResearchAckoff, Russel, L. (Latest ed.)
14.An Introduction to the History of SociologyBarnes, H.E. (Ed.) (1966)
15.Pakistani SocietyAkbar Ahmad, S.
16.Sociology,10th editionJohn, J. Macionis. 2004.
17.Research MethodologyNeuman, Lawrance (Rvs. Ed.)
18.Sociological TheoryRitzer, Georg, (1988).

 

 


Sociology CSS Syllabus

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SOCIOLOGY (100 MARKS)

I. General Sociology

1. Individual:

Sociability or the sociality of man.

2. Culture:

Meaning and Characteristics (Culture is variable, learnt, social, shared, Transmissive, dynamic and adaptive), types (Material, Non –material), functions (transfer of knowledge, define situation, provide Behaviour pattern, moulds personality) and elements of culture (norms, values, beliefs, sanctions, customs).Culture and Socialization; formal and non-formal socialization, transmission of culture, cultural relativism. Sub-cultures. Ethnocentrism and xenocentrism, Cultural lag, High culture and popular culture. Multiculturalism, assimilation, and acculturation.

3. Society:

Meaning and characteristics. Community; meaning and characteristics. Individual and society. Relationship between individual and society. Two main theories regarding the relationship of man and society (i) the social contact theory and (ii) the organismic theory. Social and cultural evolution of society (Hunting and Gathering Society, Herding and Advance Herding Society, Horticultural Society, Agrarian Society, Industrial Society, Post modern Society).

4. Social Interaction:

Caste and classes, Forms of social classes, Feudal system in Pakistan, Social Mobility-nature of social mobility and its determinants in Pakistani society, Culture of poverty.


5. Social Control:

Mechanisms of social control-formal and informal means of social control, Anomie, Alienation and social Integration-Means of social integration in Pakistani Society.

6. Social and Cultural Change and Social Policy:

Processes of Social and Cultural Change-discovery, inhibitions to social and cultural change in Pakistan Social planning and directed social and cultural change, effect of Industrialization, Urbanization, Modernization and Modern Means of Communication on Social Change.

7. Public Opinion:

Formation of Public, Opinion, Concept of opinion leader,characteristics of opinion leadership.

8. Community:

The rural community, Traditional Characteristics of rural life, The urban community, Rural – Urban convergence, Urbanism, Future of cities in Pakistan.

9. Social Institutions:

The nature and genesis of institutions, the process of institutionalization, Functions of Social Institutions: Family, Religion, Education, Economy and Politics.

10.Social Problems in Pakistan:

High population growth rate, Rural –urban migration. Issues of technical/vocational training, Deviance and street crime, Unemployment, illiteracy and School drop out, Smuggling, Prostitution, Poverty, Drug Addiction, Child Labour and Abuse Bonded Labour, Social Customs and Traditions effecting Women in Pakistan, Violence Against Women’s and Domestics Violence, Issues concerning the Elderly’s in Pakistan.

II. Sociological Theory:

Three sociological perspectives: Structural Functionalism, Symbolic interactions, and Conflict. Theorists: Ibn-i-Khaldun Spencer, August Comte, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, Kari Marx, Parson.

III. Methods of Sociological Research:

Scientific Method, Steps in research, Types of Questionnaire, Research Design, Surveys, Observation, and Case Studies.


Suggested Readings