Psychology Punjab PMS Paper I 2019

PUNJAB PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMBINED COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR
RECRUITMENT TO THE POSTS OF
PROVINCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE-2019
SUBJECT: PSYCHOLOGY (PAPER-I)
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS: 100
NOTE: Attempt FIVE Questions in All. Attempt in Urdu or English.
Q.No. 1: What are the extremes of intelligence? Discuss in detail.
(20 Marks)
Q.No. 2: Differentiate between short and long term memory. Discuss various methods for memory improvement. (20 Marks)
Q. No. 3: In your opinion, what are social dilemmas which lead towards conflict and how it can be resolved. (20 Marks)
Q. No. 4: Define Nervous system and its role in human functioning. Describe the central nervous system, its components and their functions.
(20 Marks)
Q. No. 5: Describe how do we get knowledge of the outer world by using our Sensations? Describe the structure and functions of the human eye. (20 Marks)
Q. No. 6: (i) Describe the factors involved in perception.
(ii) Describe the nature of Perceptional Organization (10 + 10 = 20 Marks)
Q.No. 7: What are the Motives? Explain primary and secondary motives in detail. (20 Marks)
Q.No. 8: Write a detailed note on any Two of the following: (10 + 10 = 20 Marks)
(a) Maslow Hierarchical theory of Needs (b) Endocrine System
(c) Operant Conditioning


Psychology Punjab PMS Paper II 2019

PUNJAB PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMBINED COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR
RECRUITMENT TO THE POSTS OF
PROVINCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE-2019
SUBJECT: PSYCHOLOGY (PAPER-II)
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS: 100
NOTE: Attempt FIVE Questions in All. Attempt in Urdu or English
Q. No. 1: Compare and discuss psychoanalytic Theory and Humanistic Theory on the assumptions they make on the personality development. (20 Marks)
Q. No. 2: “Reliable diagnoses are essential for guiding treatment recommendations”. Discuss it in the context of DSM-5. (20 Marks)
Q. No. 3: “Ethics are very important in the research and practice of psychology,” highlight and discuss ethical issues in psychology. (20 Marks)
Q.No. 4: Define Abnormal Behavior. Discuss Generalized Anxiety Disorders and Phobic Disorders in detail. (20 Marks)
Q.No. 5: Differentiate between Counseling and Psychotherapy. Explain Psychodynamic Perspective of Psychotherapy. (20 Marks)
Q. No. 6: Define Prosocial Behavior and Antisocial Behavior. Explain the factors promoting the Aggression among youth. Also suggest Measures to reduce Aggression. (20 Marks)
Q. No. 7: Descriptive Research is more suitable for collecting Authentic Data in Behavioral Science Research. Comment on the statement. Prove your point of view with arguments. (20 Marks)
Q. No. 8: Elaborate any Two of the following: (10 + 10 = 20 Marks)
(a) Prejudice (b) Leadership styles (c) The Psychology of conflict and peace


Psychology Punjab PMS Paper II 2017

PUNJAB PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMBINED COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION 2017
FOR RECRUITMENT TO THE POSTS OF
PROVINCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE, ETC.
SUBJECT: PSYCHOLOGY (PAPER-II)
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS: 100
NOTE: Attempt FIVE Questions in All. Attempt in Urdu or English.

Q No. 1: Define stress and psychological and physiological reactions related to it. Also discuss different strategies for stress coping. (20 Marks)

Q No. 2: How would you define personality? Discuss major perspective of personality development. (20 Marks)

Q No. 3: ‘Anxiety leads to disorder’, discuss different anxiety disorders with major symptoms and diagnostic criteria. (20 Marks)

Q No. 4: Discuss major steps of therapeutic process. also highlight major intervention perspectives for the treatment of psychopathology. (20 Marks)

Q No. 5: Describe major steps involved in the research process. Discuss between subjects design and its major types. (20 Marks)

Q No. 6: ‘Intolerance and Extremism’ are the major hazards in the development and solidarity of Pakistan. Please discuss. (20 Marks)

Q No. 7: describe leadership characteristics. Discuss and differentiate between transactional and transformational leadership. (20 Marks)

Q No. 8: Write short notes on any two of the following: (10 + 10 Marks)
Stereotypes (b) Humanistic Theory (c) Beck’s Model of Cognitive Therapy


Psychology Punjab PMS Paper II 2012

PUNJAB PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMBINED COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION
FOR RECRUITMENT TO THE POSTS OF
PROVINCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE, ETC. 2012
PSYCHOLOGY (OPTIONAL) PAPER – II
TIME ALLOWED: 3 HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS: 100
Note: Attempt in English or Urdu language Attempt any FIVE questions in all.

Q.1 Define stress. Discuss the physiological, emotional and behavioral reactions to stress.
Q.2 Describe the structure of personality according to psychoanalytic theory.
Q.3 Discuss the agents and process of socialization with examples.
Q.4 What are the principal types of mood disorders and what are their chief symptoms?
Q.5 Define prejudice. Discuss measures of reducing prejudice prevalent in Pakistani society.
Q.6 Discuss the major ethical considerations emphasized by APA in psychological experiments.
Q.7 Write the philosophy, goals and techniques of client centered therapy.
Q.8 Write notes on any two of the following:
a) projective techniques
b) DSM-IV TR
c) survey method
d) anxiety disorders


Psychology Punjab PMS Paper I 2012

PUNJAB PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMBINED COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION
FOR RECRUITMENT TO THE POSTS OF
PROVINCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE, ETC. 2012
PSYCHOLOGY (OPTIONAL) PAPER-I
TIME ALLOWED: 3 HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS: 100
Note: Attempt in English or Urdu language Attempt any FIVE questions in all.

Q.No.1: What are different schools of Psychology? Write in detail about the Humanistic and Existential School of Psychology

Q.No.2: Define Memory.Discuss different types of memory and also detail of informative processing theory.

Q.No.3: Compare Classical and Operand conditioning.

Q.No.4: How different theories explain intelligence and how intelligence measures it.

Q.No.5: What do you know about Piaget’s theory of Child Cognitive Development?

Q.No.6: What are different parts of nervous system? Write down functions of different parts.

Q.No.7: Write short notes on any two of the following:-

a) Child Development

b) Nature and Types of Motivation

c) Expressions of Emotions

d) Child Perceptual Development


Psychology Punjab PMS Paper II 2016

PUNJAB PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMBINED COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR
RECRUITMENT TO THE POSTS OF
PROVINCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE, ETC. – 2016

Subject: Psychology (Paper – II )

Time Allowed: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 100

Note : Attempt FIVE Questions in all. Attempt in Urdu or English

Q No 1 : ” Stress is a major cause of illness. ” Discuss different strategies for coping stress . (20 Marks )

Q No 2 : What is personality ? Discuss techniques of personality measurement . (20 Marks )

Q No 3 : Define socialization and discuss different attitudes prevalent in Pakistani society. (20 Marks )

Q No 4 : “Prejudice and stereotypes are the major hurdles in the solidarity and development of Pakistan. ” Discuss . (20 Marks )

Q No 5 : Discuss intervention procedure of individual and group therapies . (20 Marks )

Q No 6 : Describe different steps involved in the research process. Discuss correlational research and its major designs ? (20 Marks )

Q No 7 : Define attitudes. Discuss the ABC model of attitudes. (20 Marks )

Q No 8 : Write short note on any TWO of the following. (10+10 Marks )
a). Experimental Studies and use of Placebo Effect in it.
b). Ethical Guidelines to carry out and publish ” Research ” in psychology.
c). Social Learning Theory
d). Health Impairing Behaviours


Psychology Punjab PMS Paper I 2016

PUNJAB PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION

COMBINED COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR
RECRUITMENT TO THE POSTS OF
PROVINCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE, ETC. – 2016

Subject: Psychology (Paper – I)

Time Allowed: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 100

Note : Attempt FIVE Questions in all. Attempt in Urdu or English

Q No 1 : a). Define Psychology and give its scope in 21st century ? (3+7 Marks )
b). Define and compare Psychoanalysis School of thought with Behaviourism . (4+6 Marks )

Q No 2 : Describe the Cognitive Theory of Emotions. Explain its strengths and weaknesses with examples . (20 Marks )

Q No 3 : What are different types of learning ? How is classical conditioning different from operant conditioning ? (10+10 Marks )

Q No 4 : Explain structure and functions of brain ? How genetics influence behavior ? (15+5 Marks )

Q No 5 : Explain theories of child development. (20 Marks )

Q No 6 : How do you define motivation? What are primary and secondary motives? How motivation increases productivity. Relate your answer with motivation theories (10+10 Marks )

Q No 7 : Write note on any TWO of the followings: (10+10 Marks )
(a) Frustration and conflict (b) Information processing theory (c). Emotional quotient


Psychology CSS Paper II 2000

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN B.P.S. – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2000
Psychology, Paper II

Time Allowed: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100
Note: Attempt Five questions in all, including question No. 8 which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks.
1. How do biological factors interact with environmental experiences to determine the course of development?
2. What is meant by “developmental irregularities?” How does heredity contribute to chromosomal abnormalities?
3. Describe the criteria that can be used distinguish between “normal” and “abnormal” behavior. What are the different sources of information that you will recommend for clinical diagnosis?
4. What ar the underlying principles and assumptions of behavior therapies? Discuss the role of behavior therapy in behavior modification.
5. Discuss the role of biological and sociological factors in crime and drug addiction.
6. How will you differentiate between psychoneurotic and psychosomatic disorders? Give an account of anxiety disorders.
7. Identify the important determinants of job satisfaction for workers in an industry.

COMPULSORY QUESTIONS

  1. Write only the correct answers in the answer book. Don’t reproduce the questions.

1) Developmental psychologists believe that two factors that influence human development are:
(a) Motivation and emotion (b) Self and others (c) Genetic make up and experience (d) Rewards and punishments

2) Motor skills are largely a result of:
(a) Learning (b) Maturational process (c) Practice (d) Observing other

3) In Piaget’s theory, the first two years of life are called the —– stages:
(a) Paralinguistic (b) Exploratory (c) Sensorimotor (d) Preoperational

4) Learning theories explain attachment of infants to their parents in items of:
(a) Conditioning (b) Observational learning (c) The maturation of perceptual skills (d) Cognitive development

5) Freud was among the first to suggest that abnormal behavior:
(a) Can have a hereditary basis (b) Is not the result of demonic possession (c) Is psychology caused (d) Can result from biological factors

6) Which of the following is not a common symptom of the depression?
(a) Insomnia (b) Delusions (c) Poor appetite (d) Lethargy

7) Gradual exposure to actual feared situation is called:
(a) Cognitive desensitization (b) In vivo desensitization (c) Flooding (d) Breaking of resistance

8) Rotational –emotive therapy is a type of:
(a) Psychoanalysis (b) Client-centered therapy (c) Cognitive –behavior therapy (d) Behavior therapy

9) The concept of intelligence is closely related to:
(a) Motivation (b) Learning (c) Perception (d) Cognition

10) Most IQ tests assess:
(a) Academic motivation (b) Convergent thinking (c) Perceptual motor skills (d) Creativity

11) Addictive disorders include:
(a) Alcoholism and drug addiction (b) Overeating (c) Sociopathalogy (d) All the above

12) Seizures, confusions, delusions and hallucinations are symptoms of :
(a) Advanced alcoholism (b) Delirium tremens (c) Alcoholic withdrawal (d) All of the above

13) The central concept in Gestalt therapy is:
(a) Awareness (b) Self-fulfillment (c) Self-control (d) Desensitization

14) The techniques used in behavior modification:
(a) Stress interpersonal interactions (b) Employ the principal of learning (c) Are capable to a very limited rang of psychological problems (d) All involve some sort of operant conditioning

15) Research has suggested that compulsive behavior persists because:
(a) It reduces anxiety (b) There is some underlying conflict (c) Others begin to expect it (d) It diverts the attention of the individual from the problem

16) A perceptual experience, which is not grounded in reality, is called a/an:
(a) Delusion (b) Illusionary images (c) Hallucinations (d) Spontaneous discharge of sensory neurons

17) The hallucinations of schizophrenic are most likely to be:
(a) Auditory (b) Visual (c) Tactual (d) Olfactory

18) Among people with severe mood disorder, ——- is most common:
(a) Mania (b) Depression (c) Manic-depression (d) Euphoria

19) Rogers believes that all of us are born with:
(a) Unconditional positive regard (b) A drive for self fulfillment (c) A sense of individuality and uniqueness (d) A variety of incongruence, which must be resolved in infancy and early childhood

20) Tests that employ real life problems that the examinee is likely to face on the job are called:
(a) Job tasks (b) Valid tests (c) Situational tests (d) Projective techniques

Psychology CSS Paper I 2000

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN B.P.S. – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2000
Psychology, Paper I

Time Allowed: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100
Note: Attempt Five questions in all, including question No. 8 which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks.
Q.No. 1. All of our thoughts, feelings and behavior can ultimately be traced to the activity of neurons. Discuss.
Q.No. 2. It is believed that learning is any relatively permanent change in behavior, capability or attitude that is acquired through experience. How far do you agree with it? Discuss with reference to the theories of learning.
Q.No. 3. Elucidate this type of motive where the person is strongly motivated with “the desire to perform an act to gain a reward or to avoid undesirable consequences.”
Q.No. 4. Discuss the major determinants of sensations.
Q.No. 5. Amongst the theories of personality, which theory explains the long lasting effects on individual’s personality? Discuss.
Q.No. 6. Discuss how political attitudes are formed, with specific reference of our cultural scenario.
Q.No. 7. Write short notes on two of the followings:
(a) Endocrine disorder (b) Ethnicity (c) Growing rate of suicide in Pakistan (d) Socialization process

COMPULSORY QUESTION
Q.No. 8. Write only the correct answers in the answer book. Don’t reproduce the questions.

1) What procedure is used by experimenters to determine whether a difference between conditions is an experiment is large enough for us to have confidence in its validity?
(a) Correlation coefficient (b) Scientific intuition (c) Statistical analysis (d) None of these

2) If one finds a positive correlation between degree of coffee drinking and the likelihood of heart attacks. One can conclude that:
(a) Coffee drinking causes heart attack (b) Individuals prone to heart attacks are predisposed to drink a lot of coffee (c) An active life style of certain people causes heart attack (d) None of these

3) Someone whose corpus callosum has been cut will experience difficulty in:
(a) Naming an object held in the left hand (b) Naming an object held in the right hand (c) Recognizing an object held in the left hand (d) Recognizing an object held in the right hand

4) Taste depends:
(a) On one’s taste buds and the smell, temperature and texture of food (b) Only on one’s taste buds (c) Only on smell and texture of food (d) None of these

5) Smoking during pregnancy is associated with:
(a) High intelligence in the fetus, since the fetus must be clever to keep the cigarette burning (b) Low birth weight (c) High mortality (d) Both B and C

6) The application of psychological theories, methods and techniques to solve practical human problems describes an area of psychology known as:
(a) Social psychology (b) Para-psychology (c) Applied psychology (d) Humanistic psychology

7) Which of the following is not one of the factors, which tend to hinder the fairness of intelligence tests for lower class children?
(a) Inappropriate norms (b) Items requiring certain experience (c) Test assume test-taking skills (d) Test givers bias the result

8) As E scores of I-E scale show a general trend upward:
(a) People show more reserve suspicion and withdrawal (b) Assassinations and events like Watergate and Vietnam increase (c) The ability for people to openly express themselves decrease (d) Both A and C

9) In ancient times, who supposedly inhibited the body and soul of a “crazy” person?
(a) God (b) A saint (c) The devil (d) None of these

10) “Double approach-avoidance” conflict is:
(a) Approaching a problem from two different angles (b) A doubly strong tendency to approach an object (c) Being faced with a choice between two equally attractive goals (d) Choosing between two equally attractive objects such that the choice of one means giving up the other

11) “Delusion” refer to:
(a) Thoughts or beliefs that have no basis in reality (b) Feelings that have no basis in reality (c) Behaviors that have no basis in reality (d) None of these

12) The basic assumption of humanistic theories include:
(a) Humans are basically good and worthy (b) Humans are basically bad and unworthy and thus have to be reconditioned using learning principles (c) There is a natural growth process that can be blocked by bad condition (d) Both A and C

13) Rotter’s social learning theory emphasizes the following:
(a) Behavioral potential (b) Expectancy (c) A reinterpretation of Freud’s theory (d) Both A and B

14) “Human beings respond to their subjective cognitions about their world rather than to the objective environment” is an argument for the effectiveness of:
(a) Primal therapy (b) Freudian therapy (c) Cognitive therapy (d) Rankian therapy

15) How can morality covertly enter the therapy session?
(a) By having ministers take over the role of therapist (b) By the use of techniques to alter a sexual preference (c) By allowing an insane person into therapy (d) By allowing philosophers of ethics to become therapists

16) Research on the role of reinforcement in insight therapy has found that:
(a) It does not play a role (b) It does play a role (c) It has an effect only on dependent patients (d) It plays a role in highly structured therapy situation

17) The notion that aggression can be reduced by allowing angry individuals to engage harmless activities that allow them to “blow off self esteem” is:
(a) Frustration-aggression hypothesis (b) Displacement hypothesis (c) Sublimation hypothesis (d) Catharsis hypothesis

18) A person behavior is usually attributed to external causes when all but one of the following conditions exist:
(a) Others act in the same way (b) The person acts the same way at other times (c) The person acts differently in other situations (d) The person seems aware of the environment

19) A study of gastric ulceration in response to stress produced by shock found that the most ulceration was shown by rates who:
(a) Only heard a tone but received no shock (b) Received varying levels of shock (c) Could predict the onset of shock (d) Could not predict the onset of shock

20) Studies of crowding have found that crowding:
(a) Depends only on physical density (b) Affects mainly females (c) Can intensify feelings (d) Has negative effects only among the elderly

Psychology CSS Paper I 2001

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN B.P.S. – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2001
Psychology, Paper I

Time Allowed: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100
Note: Attempt Five questions in all, including question No. 8 which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks.

  1. Critically evaluate different schools and systems of psychology. Discuss their scientific status in contemporary psychology.

  2. Describe central and peripheral nervous system and their impact on human behavior.

  3. How would you define learning? Also compare and contrast different views about reinforcement. In your option which one is significant? Give reasons.

  4. In what ways biogenic motives differ with sociogenic motives? Support your views in the light of theoretical and experimental researches conducted recently.

  5. Explain “what takes place in the perceptual process once the information from the situation is received by the individual.”

  6. Critically examine the theories of prejudice with special reference to social learning, and motivational approaches. Also suggest two social psychological techniques for reducing various aspects of prejudice and stereotyping.

  7. Discuss nature of groups. Also explain riots, and social loafing.

COMPULSORY QUESTIONS

  1. Write only the correct answers in the answer book. Don’t reproduce the questions.

1) The group in an experiment which receives no treatment is called:
(a) Control group (b) Experimental group (c) No group

2) The portion of your nervous system which controls breathing and digestion is:
(a) Axon (b) Autonomic (c) Linear circuit (d) None of these

3) The color, smell and feeling of the flowers are relayed through what part of brain:
(a) Acetylcholine (b) Thalamus (c) Motor area (d) None of these

4) A hungry person would find food to be a:
(a) Primary reinforcer (b) Secondary reinforcer (c) None of these

5) A psychologist explains you that learning can be best defined in terms of underlying thought process. What theory is being stated:
(a) Social learning (b) Cognitive learning (c) Trial and error (d) None of these

6) According to Maslow, a person with no job, no friends and no house can be self actualized:
(a) 100 percent yes (b) 100 percent no (c) None of these

7) A need to establish and maintain relationship with other people:
(a) Achievement motivation (b) Need for affiliation (c) None of these

8) Term n-ach was introduced by:
(a) Mc Cleland (b) Jung (c) Maslow (d) None of these

9) Repression refers to:
(a) Primary defense mechanism (b) Regression (c) Frustration (d) None of these

10) Enduring dimensions of personality characteristics differentiating people from another is called:
(a) Factor analysis (b) Trait (c) Determinism (d) None of these

11) The theory which suggests that people learn attitude by observing their own behavior is:
(a) Operant conditioning (b) CR (c) Self-perception (d) None of these

12) Theory of cognitive dissonance is offered by:
(a) Skinner (b) Bandura (c) Festinger (d) None of these

13) The ability to view the world in 3 dimensions and perceive distance is:
(a) Depth perception (b) Illusion (c) Delusion (d) None of these

14) According to Bandura, one is socialized by:
(a) Punishment (b) Observation (c) Food (d) None of these

15) Crowding causes increase in heart rate and the level of adrenaline:
(a) No (b) Yes

16) Studies demonstrate that greater genetic similarity is associated with greater similarity of attitudes:
(a) True (b) False

17) A theory that states that emotions are a join result of non-specific physiological arousal and interpretation of the arousal is called:
(a) Two-factor theory of emotion (b) James-Lange theory of emotion (c) Bem’s theory of emotion (d) None of these

18) Maintenance of an internal biological balance is called:
(a) Instinct (b) Need (c) Homeostasis (d) None of these

19) The part of personality that provides a buffer between the id and the out side world is:
(a) Super-ego (b) Ego (c) Ego-ideal (d) None of these

20) Specialized cells of nervous system carry:
(a) Messages (b) Reflexes (c) Both (a) and (b) (d) None of the (a) and (b)

Psychology CSS Paper II 2001

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN B.P.S. – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2001
Psychology, Paper II

Time Allowed: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100
Note: Attempt Five questions in all, including question No. 8 which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks.
1. What are different methods of Developmental Psychology and how do psychologists employ theory and research to answer questions and hypothesis of interest?

  1. Explain major highlights of physical, perceptual and social development after birth of a child.

  2. Compare and contrast Piaget’s theory of cognitive development with information-processing theory.

  3. Discuss reliable and valid psychological tool to measure personality of Pakistani adults and children.

  4. Describe basic milestones of Gestalt therapy and Humanistic-Existential therapy. In your opinion which therapy you would employ for treatment?

  5. Define intelligence and Mental Retardation. Differentiate between IQ and EQ.

  6. Discuss the roll of work incentives on the basis of theories of Reinforcement.

COMPULSORY QUESTIONS
8. Write only the correct answer in your Answer Book. Don’t reproduce the questions.

1) The combination of responses or ideals in novel way is called:
(a) Exploration (b) Creativity (c) Thinking

2) Group intelligence testing is better than individual testing:
(a) True (b) False

3) Birth typically occurs after:
(a) Forty weeks conception (b) Thirty eight weeks conception (c) Four weeks conception (d) None of these

4) Longitudinal researches investigate:
(a) Behavior through times as subject age (b) Behavior of different ages are compared (c) None of these

5) The cause of abnormal behavior is only physiological, it is explained by:
(a) Psycho model (b) Medical model (c) Psychosocial model (d) None of these

6) One abnormal behavior was associated with witch craft:
(a) True (b) False

7) A feeling of apprehension or tension is:
(a) Frustration (b) Panic (c) Anxiety

8) Which of the following treatments deal with phobias by gradual exposure?
(a) Super ego control (b) Systematic desensitization (c) Reinforcement (d) Dreams (e) None of these

9) The operation of the brain’s neurotransmitters is altered because:
(a) Use of LDS (b) Use of alcohol (c) None of these

10) Researches show that poor performance is the result of:
(a) Poor conditions (b) Job satisfaction (c) Both (a) and (b) (d) None of these

11) Low job satisfaction is likely to bring about high absenteeism:
(a) False (b) True

12) The term propinquity explains:
(a) Geographical proximity (b) Why people affiliate with one another (c) Both (a) and (b) (d) None of these

13) Group think refers to:
(a) Deterioration of mental efficiency (b) Deterioration of physical energy (c) Think tank (d) None of these

14) Main functions of stimulants are:
(a) To alleviate tension (b) To provide energy and alertness (c) Prescribed for insomnia (d) None of these

15) Chromosomal anomalies can be recognized by slanting eyes and flat nose:
(a) Down’s syndrome (b) PKU (c) Langdon Down’s syndrome

16) Characters disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive behavior are developed due to disturbed parent-child relation in the:
(a) Later Oedipal phase (b) Paranoid stage (c) Libido (d) None of these

17) According to the Piaget, from 2 to 7 years of age, language is developed slowly and gradually this stage is called:
(a) Preoperational stage (b) Egocentric stage (c) Sensorimator stage (d) None of these

18) Speech like but meaningless sound appear between 3 months to one year is termed as:
(a) Syntax (b) Babble (c) Conversation (d) None of these

19) The ability to deal with new problems and encounters is technically called as:
(a) Crystallized intelligence (b) G or g-factor of intelligence (c) Fluid intelligence (d) None of these

20) The triachric theory of intelligence suggests that there are:
(a) Four components (b) Six components (c) Three components (d) None of these

Psychology CSS Paper II 2002

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN B.P.S. – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2002
Psychology, Paper II

Time Allowed: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100
Note: Attempt Five questions in all, including question No. 8 which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks.
1. Discuss the growth, maturation and learning is considered important to our understanding of human development.
2. Compare and contrast Longitudinal and cross sectional methods, identifying the advantages and limitation s of each.
3. What is chromosomal abnormality? Discuss the cause and consequences of chromosomal abnormalities for later development.
4. Describe Piaget’s view of the cognitive development process, and define the roles of schemes, assimilation and equilibrium in the process.
5. What are the different sources of information in clinical diagnosis? Why training and official permission is essential for a practicing psychotherapist?
6. Compare and contrast the Rationale Emotive theory of Ellis and Cognitive theory of Beck.
7. Give a critical appraisal of biological and sociological factors contributing to maladjustment of youth and crime in our society.

COMPULSORY QUESTIONS

  1. Write only the correct answers in the answer book. Don’t reproduce the questions.
    1) What are the problems associated with low birth weight?
    (a) Susceptibility to infection (b) Difficulty in maintaining body temperature (c) Susceptibility to infection (d) Difficulty with breathing, sucking swallowing and digestion (e) None of the (a) (b) and (c)

2) According to Piaget, the major accomplishment of the sensorimotor stage is:
(a) Abstract thinking (b) Egocentrism (c) Centration (d) Object permanence (e) None of these

3) During the stage of concrete operations children:
(a) Understand the concept of reversibility (b) Do not yet understand the concept of conversation (c) Are able to solve abstract problems (d) None of these

4) Studies show that an “authoritarian family” tends to produce an adolescent who is:
(a) Dependent and obedient (b) Self-reliant (c) Independent but deserved (d) Surface-complaint but rebellious underneath

5) Child-rearing methods in Pakistan:
(a) Differ little from those in other countries (b) Differ from one social class to another (c) Have changed very little over the past fifty years (d) Are now pretty much the same from one social class to the next

6) According to Erickson’s theory, the struggle during adolescence is:
(a) Intimacy versus isolation (b) Initiative versus role confusion (c) Competence versus inferiority

7) A major defining characteristic of personality disorder is that they:
(a) Are psychological, more from society’s view than from that of the person’s who have them (b) Reflect a lack of contrast with reality (c) Are comparatively easy to treat (d) Are frequently relative, i.e. short term responses to stress

8) The behavioral interpretation of depression relates it to “learned happiness.” The most obvious symptom of this condition is:
(a) Passivity (b) Increased appetite (c) Excessive-aggressiveness when threatened (d) An increase in random maladaptive behavior

9) Behavior therapists believe that insight is:
(a) A worthwhile goal (b) Non sufficient for behavior change (c) Not necessary for behavior change (d) All of these

10) The suggested cause of abnormal behavior from the cognitive perspective is:
(a) Faulty learning (b) Early childhood experiences (c) Unconscious unresolved conflicts (d) Faulty thinking

11) The most frequently occurring major psychological disorder is:
(a) Phobias (b) Schizophrenia (c) Depression (d) Bipolar disorder

12) Person-centered therapy is best described as:
(a) Confrontive (b) Structured (c) Nondirective (d) Objective

13) Systematic desensitization is used in treatment of:
(a) Schizophrenia (b) Mood disorders (c) Phobias (d) Somatoform disorders

14) Guilford’s structure of intellect model of intelligence is notable because:
(a) It separate operations from content and product (b) It rejects the idea of gender feature (c) It yields 180 unique intellectual factors (d) All of these

15) The most important criterion of whether an individual should be considered retarded is that individual’s:
(a) Social competence (b) Mental age (c) IQ (d) Ability to learn to speak

16) Improved job satisfaction result in—-in work performance and—– in turnover:
(a) Decrease: decrease (b) Increase: no change (c) Increase: increase (d) No change: decrease

17) Some employers allow their employees to create their own sceduals within set parameters. This is called:
(a) Job sharing (b) Job enrichment (c) Time sharing (d) Flextime

18) All of the following are some of the major sources of work stress EXCEPT:
(a) Little control (b) Shift work (c) High decision latitude (d) Discrimination

19) Bonuses, recognition awards, praise and time off improve motivation through the application of:
(a) Performance appraisal (b) Benefits (c) Reinforcement (d) Objective criteria

20) The Binet-Simon scale was adapted for American use by:
(a) Thurston (b) Terman (c) Wechsler (d) Binet

Psychology CSS Paper I 2002

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN B.P.S. – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2002
Psychology, Paper I
Time Allowed: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100
Note: Attempt Five questions in all, including question No. 8 which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks.

  1. How did behaviorism differ from earlier schools of psychology? What were the main objections of Gestalt Psychologists about behaviorism?

  2. What is the endocrine system? Discuss the role of various hormones in regulating normal human development.

  3. How is “Shaping” used to condition a new response? In what ways principles of operant conditioning can be used for improving educational techniques?

  4. Elucidate the differences between biogenic and sociogenic motives. How does Maslow’s hierarchy of Motives explain the relative standing of these motives? Give examples.

  5. What are the main determinants of perception? Explain the effects of learning and motivation on perception.

  6. Critically evaluate Freud’s theory of personality development.

  7. Write short notes on any TWO of the following.
    (a) Formation of opinions and attitudes (b) Prejudice (c) International tension (d) Group norms

COMPULSORY QUESTIONS
8. Write only the correct answer in your Answer Book. Don’t reproduce the questions.

1) The junction where the axon of a sending neuron communicates with a receiving neuron is called the:
(a) Reuptake site (b) Receptor site (c) Synapse (d) Axon terminal (e) None of these

2) The autonomic nervous system differs from the somatic nervous system in that its operation is largely:
(a) Involuntary (b) Voluntary (c) Controlled by the brain (d) Controlled by the spinal chord (e) None of these

3) The most fundamental principle of perceptual organization is called the:
(a) Figure-ground relationship (b) Volley principle (c) Dark adaptation phenomenon (d) Law of closure (e) None of these

4) Which of the following phenomena was studied by parlor?
(a) Maturation (b) Animal cognition (c) Operant conditioning (d) Classical conditioning (e) None of these

5) What can occur if a person believes that a connection exists between an act and its consequences when there is no relationship between the two?
(a) Classical conditioning (b) Superstitious behavior (c) Shaping (d) Sequential learning (e) None of these

6) Advertisers place beautiful people or likeable places and objects with the products they are trying to sell because these items:
(a) Distract from the disadvantages of the products (b) Cause pleasant feelings to be evoked (c) Are part of the products’ basic qualities (d) Are just elements of scenery (e) None of these

7) The body’s natural tendency to maintain a state of internal balance or equilibrium is called:
(a) Arousal (b) Opponent process (c) Homeostasis (d) Instinct (e) None of these

8) Concerns with meeting standards of excellence and accomplishing difficult tasks refer to need for:
(a) Affiliation (b) Achievement (c) Power (d) Apperception (e) None of these

9) Which of the following condition is not associated with prolonged sensory deprivation?
(a) Inability to concentrate (b) A satisfying-relaxed feeling (c) Hallucinations (d) Confusion (e) None of these

10) Presence of others may interfere with performance due to:
(a) Social inhabitation (b) Social loafing (c) Distraction (d) All of these (e) None of these

11) Psychology has been defined by psychologists as:
(a) The study of behavior (b) The study of mental activity (c) The science that studies behavior and mental process (d) None of these (e) All of these

12) When we look at a distant object, we usually judge its size by:
(a) Object size (b) Perspective size (c) A compromise between object size and perspective size (d) Retinal size (e) None of these

13) The view that we are born with the ability to perceive the way we do it held by:
(a) Sensory psychologists (b) Nativists (c) Empiricists (d) Contemporary psychologists (e) None of these

14) The ability to focus on stimuli in which we are interested while resisting distracting stimuli is called:
(a) Concentrated attending (b) Stimulus focusing (c) Selective attention (d) Structured perceiving (e) None of these

15) In Freud’s theory of personality:
(a) The ego obeys the reality principle (b) The id operates by secondary process thinking (c) The super-ego obeys the pleasure principle (d) The ego operates by primary process thinking (e) None of these

16) Trail theory has been criticized on the ground that:
(a) Traits may be highly dependent on the situation (b) Moderator variable are often very influential (c) They often do not specify how traits are organized within the personality (d) All of the ((a), ((b) and ((c) (e) None of the ((a), ((b) and ((c)

17) When we receive mixed information about a person, we tend to base our impression on the information that is:
(a) Favorable (b) Unfavorable (c) Received first (d) Received last (e) None of these

18) Most of the social psychological research on attitude change has been generated by theories concerning:
(a) Consistency in attitudes and behavior (b) Cognitive dissonance (c) Self-perception (d) Attribution (e) None of these

19) The public opinion survey is:
(a) A passive record of opinion (b) Limited to what the public believes at one moment in time (c) Generally ignored by successful politicians (d) Increasingly helping to shape opinion as well as measure it (e) None of these

20) The objectivity of science lies in:
(a) The capability of scientists to avoid the prejudices of their society (b) The choice of question studied (c) Its methodology (d) All of these (e) None of these

Psychology CSS Paper II 2003

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN B.P.S. – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2003
Psychology, Paper II

Time Allowed: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100
Note: Attempt Five questions in all, including question No. 8 which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks.

  1. Describe the methods used for studying infant behavior with special reference to psychological and physical characteristics of infant.

  2. Highlight the self-evident milestones in the process of development of logical thinking stage in early childhood.

  3. Elucidate the sources of information used in clinical diagnosis.

  4. Give a critical appraisal of Rational Emotive Behavior therapy highlighting its merits and limitations.

  5. What psycho-sociological factors can be identified as mainly responsible for juvenile delinquent behavior with reference to Pakistan? Discuss and suggest practical remedies.

  6. What is job-satisfaction? Describe the role of Intrinsic and Extrinsic factors as determiners of job-satisfaction or dissatisfaction.

  7. Briefly describe as each of the following as being identified characteristically distinct from each other.
    (a) Psychosomatic (b) Psychosis (c) Character disorders (d) Psychosomatic disorders

COMPULSORY QUESTIONS
8. Write only the correct answer in your Answer Book. Don’t reproduce the questions.

1) The social distance scale is mainly a measure of:
(a) Ethnic attitude (b) Cohesiveness of a group (c) Upward social mobility (d) Social class differences (e) None of these

2) A person has attitudes towards:
(a) All possible objects (b) All objects which are perceived by him (c) All objects which exist in his own life-space (d) None of these

3) So-called “functional” and “organic” psychoses are:
(a) Really both functional in origin (b) Really both organic in origin (c) Clearly differentiated as to origin (d) Not clearly distinguishable

4) Which one of the following is not listed as a classification of psychoneurosis?
(a) Phobic reactions (b) Conversion reactions (c) Neurasthenic reactions (d) Delusional reactions (e) None of these

5) Psychoneurosis tends to be:
(a) Severe than the psychoses (b) Milder than neuroses (c) Milder than psychoses (d) About the same severity as the psychoses (e) None of these

6) In essence the defense mechanisms are:
(a) Defense against anxiety (b) Ways of convincing others of one’s rightness (c) Escape reactions (d) Conscious self-deception (e) None of these

7) The Thematic Apperception Test is a:
(a) Situational test (b) Performance test (c) Projective test (d) Personality inventory (e) None of these

8) Psychosomatic disorders are best illustrated by:
(a) Asthma caused by anxiety (b) Neurotic anxiety (c) Insomnia (d) Over-eating (e) None of these

9) Dependence, passivity and greediness are regarded as traits found in the so-called:
(a) Anal character (b) Phallic stage (c) Genital stage (d) Oral character (e) None of these

10) Probably the most insidious form of defense mechanism is:
(a) Reaction formation (b) Defensive identification (c) Projection (d) Withdrawal (e) None of these

11) Endomorphy is to eetomorphy as:
(a) Love of comfort is to social inhabitation (b) Social inhabitation is to love of comfort (c) Love of comfort is to need for action (d) Need for action is to social inhabitation (e) None of these

12) Personality inventories are:
(a) Subjectively scored (b) Objectively scored (c) Always scored on a priori basis (d) Always scored on an empirical basis (e) None of these

13) The difficulty with type theories of personality is that they are:
(a) Too simple (b) Too contradictory (c) Too arbitrary (d) All of these (e) None of these

14) The concept of introversion and extroversion was advanced by:
(a) Spranger (b) Kretshmer (c) Jaensch (d) Jung (e) None of these

15) The term “germ cell” when used in genetics refers to:
(a) Somatic cells (b) Body cells (c) Ova and sperm cells (d) Both ((a) and ((b) (e) None of these

16) The overall bodily and mental growth curves for man:
(a) Diverge at puberty age (b) Run parallel course (c) Show drop at puberty age (d) Both ((a) and ((b) (e) None of these

17) As the individual continues his growth after birth, the neural cell in his brain:
(a) Change their chemical composition (b) Increase in number (c) Both ((a) and ((b) (d) None of these

18) With the onset of puberty, the rate of growth of:
(a) All bodily organs slow down (b) Intellectual development slows down (c) Both ((a) and ((b) (d) Neither ((a) and ((b)

19) To mark the onset and termination of adolescence:
(a) Physiological measures are usually used for both boys and girls (b) Physiological measures are usually used for girls but not for boys (c) Physiological measures are usually used for the onset but not for the end (d) Physiological measurements are usually used for both boys and girls

20) The prototype of the modern intelligence test for children was first developed by:
(a) Stanford (b) Terman (c) Binet (d) Wechsler (e) None of these

Psychology CSS Paper I 2003

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN B.P.S. – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2003
Psychology, Paper I

Time Allowed: 3 Hours Max. Marks: 100
Note: Attempt Five questions in all, including question No. 8 which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks.

  1. What makes Structuralism stand out as different from other schools and how it fits in recent rends in Psychology? Discuss.

  2. Describe and explain the role of peripheral nervous system in determining the overt behavior of an organism.

  3. Give a comprehensive account of primary (major) and secondary parameters for including a desired response through Conditioning.

  4. Describe how and what secondary motives determine one’s source of action in practical life.

  5. Elucidates determinants of perception (any 5 out of listed 7) lodged within the individual alone.

  6. Describe the role of socio-cultural factors in the development of personality.

  7. How Prejudices are formed/ what role media can play in minimizing the hostile feelings? Discuss.

COMPULSORY QUESTIONS
8. Write only the correct answer in your Answer Book. Don’t reproduce the questions.

1) The term phenomenology refers to:
(a) A science of perception (b) Detailed analysis of our sensations (c) “Native” description of our immediate experience (d) Scientific study of “queer” occurrences (e) None of these

2) The degree of concentration or dilution of color is known as its:
(a) Brightness (b) Hue (c) Saturation (d) Volume (e) None of these

3) Differences in perception among species depend upon:
(a) Habitat (b) Complexity of nervous system (c) Receptor mechanism (d) All of the above (e) None of these

4) Psychophysics is the study of the relationship between:
(a) Sensory attributes and physical energy (b) Perception and physiological process (c) Psychology and physics (d) None of these

5) The concept of adaptation was introduced by:
(a) Brown (b) Helson (c) Wertheimer (d) Kohler (e) None of these

6) Convergence of the eyes in controlled primarily by:
(a) Extrinsic muscle of the eye (b) Curvature of lens (c) Ciliary muscle of eye (d) Muscles of iris (e) None of these

7) Factors predisposing an individual toward feeling of jealousy include:
(a) Self-hate (b) Insecurity in self-conception (c) Lack of intensity in feeling of love (d) All of the above (e) None of these

8) The so-called primary emotion includes:
(a) Pain, fear, hate, love (b) Shame, guilt, anger, grief (c) Joy, fear, anger, grief (d) All of the above (e) None of these

9) Coping behavior is:
(a) Often unconscious (b) A form of habitual behavior (c) Always goal-directed (d) Usually carried out directly (e) None of these

10) Deficiency motivation is to abundance motivation as:
(a) Desire is to need (b) Innate is to learned (c) Primary is to secondary (d) Need is to desire (e) None of these

11) The concept of homeostasis most closely associated with the name:
(a) Richter (b) Cannon (c) Levin (d) Warden (e) None of these

12) McClelland’s method of measuring the achievement motive made use of:
(a) Self-ratings (b) Fantasy (c) Person’s estimates of level of aspiration (d) Activity level (e) None of these

13) Sources of frustration include:
(a) Environmental lacks (b) Environmental obstacles (c) Incompatibles motives (d) All of the above (e) None of these

14) The “local” stimulus theory of hunger is associated with the name of:
(a) Cannon (b) Beach (c) Ingram (d) Anderson (e) None of these

15) The Cannon-Bard theory of emotions emphasis the role of the:
(a) Skeletal muscles (b) Thalamus and hypothalamus (c) Hormonal system (d) All of the above (e) None of these

16) An insufficient supply of thyroid hormone can result in:
(a) Increased metabolic rate (b) Cretinism (c) Increased emotionality (d) None of these

17) The so-called “aster gland” which helps control the activities of various ductless glands is the:
(a) Adrenal medulla (b) Thyroid (c) Anterior pituitary (d) Gonad (e) None of these

18) The term “reinforcement” refers to the pairing of:
(a) CS and US (b) CR and UR (c) US and UR (d) CS and CR (e) None of these

19) One of the following is not a method of measuring retention:
(a) Recognition (b) Relearning (c) Recall (d) Reminiscence (e) None of these

20) When new acquisitions improve retention of the old, we speak of:
(a) Positive transfer (b) Negative transfer (c) Reproductive facilitation (d) Reproductive interference (e) None of these