Geology Punjab PMS Paper II 2014

PUNJAB PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMBINED COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR
RECRUITMENT TO THE POSTS OF
PROVINCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE – 2014
SUBJECT: GEOLOGY (PAPER – II)
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS: 100
Note: Attempt any Five questions. (Please use only English language).
Q.1. Discuss in detail the energy resources and their contribution to meet the needs of Pakistan.
Q.2. Describe the influence of discontinuities and fault zones on rock slope stability.
Q.3. Briefly explain the theories regarding the origin of Earth.
Q.4. What are remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS)? Briefly discuss various elements of remote sensing and different GIS systems.
Q.5. Give In detail account on the risks associated with climate change.
Q.6. Define a drainage system. Illustrate different drainage patterns.
Q.7. Renewable energy an alternative to fossil fuel. Discuss.
Q.8. Write note on any four of the following:
a). Nuclear power: merits and demerits
b). Effects of anthropogenic activities on the climate change.
c). Monitoring of natural disasters through remote sensing
d). Classification of sedimentary rocks
e). Theory of plate tectonics.
f). Different types of fold.
g). Oceans acidification impacts on marine life.
h). Application of geo-engineering to address the climate change issues.
i). Processes of geomorphology.


Geology Punjab PMS Paper I 2014

PUNJAB PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMBINED COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR
RECRUITMENT TO THE POSTS OF
PROVINCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE – 2014
SUBJECT: GEOLOGY (PAPER – I)
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS: 100
Note: Attempt any Five questions. All questions carry equal marks,give answer in English.
Q.1. Briefly discuss the Pauling’s rules for crystal Structure.
Q.2. Discuss the common Textures in Igneous Rocks.
Q.3.Describe the internal structure of the Earth in details.
Q.4. Define Correlation and describe the different criteria of Correlation, give examples from Pakistan.
Q.5. Define fold and describe the Morphological classification of folds.
Q.6. Discuss the Fractionation of elements during the evolution of the Earth.
Q.7. Describe the Permian Stratigraphic Sequence of Salt Range.
Q.8. Write Note on : a). Chemical Weathering b). Lineation c). Convergent Plate Boundaries d). Type of Sand-Dunes


Geology Punjab PMS Paper II 2019

PUNJAB PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMBINED COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR
RECRUITMENT TO THE POSTS OF
PROVINCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE – 2019
SUBJECT: GEOLOGY (PAPER – II)
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS: 100
NOTE: Attempt Five Questions in All. Attempt in Urdu or English.
Q No. 1: Make a sketch of cross section of the earth indicating the main subdivision of the earth’s interior and also give their names, thickness of the various layers of the earth and discuss their major composition. (20)
Q No. 2: Define geological fold by giving its anatomy with the help of a sketch of the symmetrical anticline. Also discuss various types of folds. (20)
Q No. 3: Some sedimentary structures can be used to identify the tops and bottoms of beds, discuss with the help of figures how the following structures can be applied to determine the top and bottom. (20)
a. Determination of anticline by Ripple marks b. Determination of syndline by Cross bedding
Q No. 4: How clastic sedimentary rocks are produced give step wise procedure for formation of these rocks by giving examples from Pakistan. (20)
Q No. 5: Discuss the Precambrian and Cambrian sequence of Salt range of Pakistan. (20)
Q No. 6: What is a diagenesis, discuss what type changes and effects occur during deep burial. (20)
Q No. 7: Discuss in detail physical properties of minerals. (20)
Q No. 8: Write short notes on the following. (5 x 4 = 20)
(a) Laccolith and Phacolith (b) Metamorphic rocks (c) Convolute Bedding and Lamination (d) Flaser and lenticular bedding


Geology Punjab PMS Paper I 2019

PUNJAB PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMBINED COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR
RECRUITMENT TO THE POSTS OF
PROVINCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE – 2019
SUBJECT: GEOLOGY (PAPER – I)
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS: 100
NOTE: Attempt Five Questions in All. Attempt in Urdu or English.
Q No. 1: Describe the geology, mode of occurrence and significance of uranium deposits of Pakistan. (20)
Q No. 2: Explain Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS) and discuss their application in mineral prospecting and engineering geology. (20)
Q No. 3: Describe the following: (10 + 10 = 20)
(i) Geothermal Energy (ii) Geological Significance of Fossils
Q No. 4: Discuss various modes of slope failure and explain slope stability methods. (20)
Q No. 5: Describe the properties of natural occurring materials used as aggregate in cement concrete. (20)
Q No. 6: Discuss the following: (10 + 10 = 20)
(i) Site investigation of Dams (ii) Climate changing phenomena
Q No. 7: What are the Principles of Stratigraphy? Discuss the Stratigraphy of Salt Range. (20)
Q No. 8: Writes short notes on the following: (4 x 5 = 20)
(i) Clastic Rocks (ii) Types of Joints (iii) Classification of Folds (iv) Glacial Landforms


Geology Punjab PMS Paper II 2015

PUNJAB PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMBINED COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR
RECRUITING TO THE POSTS OF
PROVINCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE, ETC – 2015

SUBJECT GEOLOGY OPTIONAL PAPER II
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS: 100
Note: Attempt any FIVE question. Please use only English language.

Q.1. Discuss the vertical distribution of groundwater.

Q.2. Differentiate between Gabbro and Norite, and discuss Petrogenesis of gabbroic rocks.

Q.3. How GIS can be used for geological mapping and mineral prospection?

Q.4. What is the difference between Earth-fill & Concrete Dam? Explain it with reference to Pakistan?

Q.5. How climate changes are affecting various regions of the world? Discuss their mitigation techniques?

Q.6. Describe the geology and mode of occurrence of uranium deposit in Pakistan.

Q.7. Describe the glacial erosion and discuss the erosional landforms developed by glaciations.

Q.8. Write notes on :
a). Geothermal Energy b). Metallogeny & Plate Tectonic c). Geological Tine Scale. d). Non-tectonic Joints.

Geology Punjab PMS Paper I 2015

PUNJAB PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMBINED COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR
RECRUITING TO THE POSTS OF
PROVINCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE, ETC – 2015

SUBJECT GEOLOGY OPTIONAL PAPER I
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS: 100
Note: Attempt any FIVE question. Please use only English language.

Q.1. Discuss the phase diagram for Silica(SiO2).

Q.2. Discuss the LFS,LIL and GFS elements and the criteria for their categorization.

Q.3. Draw and discuss the Metamorphic Facies Diagram and explain the High Pressure Metamorphic Rocks.

Q.4. Differentiate between Fracture and Joint.Describe the Geometric and genetic Classification of joints.

Q.5. Describe the Mesozoic Stratigraphic sequence of the Salt Range.

Q.6. Describe the Mode of Fossilization and its Importance.

Q.7. Describe different processes for Transporting the sediments by Fluids.

Q.8. Write notes on:
a). Geomorphic Cycle b). Similar Fold and Parallel Folds c). Earth Crust d). Shapes of Igneous Bodies

Geology CSS Paper II 2008

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2008.

GEOLOGY, PAPER – II
TIME ALLOWED: PART I 30 MINUTES MAXIMUM MARKS 20
PART II 2 Hours & 30 Minutes MAXIMUM MARKS 80
NOTE: (i) First attempt PART I (MCQ) on separate Answer Sheet which shall be taken back after 30 minutes.
(ii) Overwriting / cutting of the options / answers will not be given credit.

PART – I (MCQ) (COMPULSORY)
Q.1 Select the best option /answer and fill in the appropriate box on the Answer Sheet. (20)
(i) Evaporites present in a petroleum basin are considered as good:
(a) Source rocks (b) Moderate reservoir rocks (c) Potential seals (d) None of these
(ii) Bauxite is an ore for:
(a) Iron (b) Nickel (c) Uranium (d) Aluminum
(iii) The term Becke Line referes to a:
(a) Straight line on aerial photograph (b) Line where sea and land meet
(c) Bright line visible under microscope that separates grains of different Refrative Indeels (d) Line formed by joininh points of same elevation
(iv) Hornfel is a typical rock of:
(a) Cataclastic metamorphism (b) Metasomatism (c) Dynamothermal metamorphism (d) Volcanic activity
(v) Movement of ground water is controlled by:
(a) Physical properties of rocks (b) Composition of rocks (c) Rainfall in the area (d) Alluvial Soil
(vi) Standard Penetration Test of soils provides information about:
(a) Compaction of soils (b) Porosity of soils (c) Grain size of soils (d) All of these
(vii) Difference between Plastic Limit and Liquid Limit of a soil is called as:
(a) Elasticity (b) Plastic limit (c) Plasticity index (d) Both (a) and (b)
(viii) Quality of a reservoir rocks is mainly dependant on its:
(a) Permeability (b) Trap rock (c) Porosity (d) None of these (ix) Coal-fired power plants are major causes of:
(a) Acid rain (b) Carbon dioxide emission (c) Depletion of ozone (d) Both (a) and (b)
(x) Major coal producing country in the world is:
(a) Poland (b) Canada (c) Australia (d) India
(xi) Banded iron formation comprises of:
(a) Shale, carbonate and hematite (b) Hematite and chert (c) Magnetite and oil shale (d) None of these
(xii) Kerogen is insoluble in normal:
(a) Sulphuric acid (b) Organic solvent (c) Carbonic acid (d) Both (a) and (c)
(xiii) Type I Kerogen mostly produces:
(a) Liquid hydrocarbon (b) Coal (c) Gas (d) Both (a) and (c)
(xiv) Large deposits of natural gas are developed from:
(a) Large algal deposits (b) Large deposits of plant remains (c) Thermal cracking of large deposits of oil (d) All of these
(xv) P-type seismic waves are:
(a) Compressional waves (b) Shear waves (C) Both (a) and (h) (d) None of these
(xvi) Surface waves travel — – – than the body waves:
(a) Faster (b) Slower (c) Same speed (d) Could be either (a) or (b) under different conditions
(xvii) Minerals which occur along with an ore mineral but have no value are called as:
(a) Raw minerals (b) Waste minerals (c) Gangue minerals (d) None of these
(xviii) Addition of Si in limestones through silicate intrusions results in the formation of:
(a) Siliceous marble (b) Quartz.ose marble (c) Skam (d) All of these
(xix) Gossan is formed by surticial weathering of:
(a) fleamatite (h) Bauxite (c) Pyrite (d) Both (a) and (b)
(xx) Most of the diamonds are used as:
(a) Gems (b) Glass cutters (c) Drilling tools (d) In Lasers

PART II
Note:
(i) PART II is to be attempted on the separate Answer Book.
(ii) Attempt ONLY FOUR questions from PART II. All questions carry EQUAL marks. Illustrate your answer wherever necessary.
(iii) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered.

Q.2. Describe the variety of metallic minerals available in Pakistan. Also point out the types of industries which can be set up based on these metallic minerals. (20)
Q.3. What is Kerogen? Describe the processes involve in the evolution of Kerogen to Petroleum? (20)
Q.4. a. Describe the Geology (formation, lithology, age) of the Source Rocks of Petroleum in the Indus Basin of Pakistan. (20)
Q.5. Describe the geological factors required for selection of a dam site. (20)
Q.6. What is an Aquifer? Describe various types of Aquifers? How can we solve the problem of pollution of underground water? (20)
Q.7. What are various Geophysical techniques used for exploration of mineral deposits? (20)
Q.8. What are various steps involved in the process of preparation of geologic map of an area? What is the use of aerial photographs in this process? (20)

Geology CSS Paper I 2008

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2008.

GEOLOGY, PAPER – I
TIME ALLOWED: PART I 30 MINUTES MAXIMUM MARKS 20
PART II 2 Hours & 30 Minutes MAXIMUM MARKS 80
NOTE: (i) First attempt PART I (MCQ) on separate Answer Sheet which shall be taken back after 30 minutes.
(ii) Overwriting / cutting of the options / answers will not be given credit.

PART – I (MCQ) (COMPULSORY)
Q.1 Select the best option /answer and fill in the appropriate box on the Answer Sheet. (20)
(1) Oligomictic conglomerate is made up of
(a) Angular clasts (b) Rounded clasts (c) Clasts of same composition (d) Clams of same size
(ii) Biomicrite is made up of
(a) Sand sized grains (b) Fossil fragments and lime mud (c) Reef rock
(iii) Graywake is made up of:
(a) Mostly gravel (b) Mostly sand (c) Sand with 25% fledspar (d) Sand with 25% quartz
(iv) A rock made of fine grained pyroclastic particles is called:
(a) Rhyolite (b) Basalt (c) Tuff (d) None of these
(v) Aeolian rocks are deposited through:
(a) Water (b) Glacier (c) Wind (d) Volcanic eruption
(vi) Colour of a mineral suggests its quality of:
(a) Absorption (b) Reflection (c) Transmission (d) Refraction
(vii) Luster of a mineral suggests its quality of _____ of light waves:
(a) Absorption (b) Reflection (c) Transmission (d) Refraction
(viii) Felsic igneous rocks contain more than 65% Silica.
(a) True (b) False
(ix) Acid igneous rocks contain more than 65% Silica:
(a) True (b) False
(x) Per aluminous rocks contain:
(a) Excess aluminum (b) Little aluminum (c) 50% aluminum (d) 10% aluminum
(xi) An igneous rocks mostly made up of the olivine is called as:
(a) Gabbro (b) Olivine rich gabro (c) Peridotite (d) None of these
(xii) Highly viscous magma will cause ____ volcanic eruption:
(a) Less explosive (b) More explosive (c) Quiet (d) None of these
(xiii) Slaty cleavage in rocks is developed through:
(a) Deposition of flaky minerals (b) Metamorphism (c) Seismic activity (d) Atmospheric changes
(xiv) Migmatite is produced under:
(a) High temperature (b) Low temperature (c) High pressure (d) Both (a) and (c)
(xv) Presence of Kayanite in a metamorphic rock suggests grade of metamorphism:
(a) Low (b) Intermediate (c) High (d) Impurities
(xvi) Glaucophane is a typical mineral present in:
(a) Horzburgite (b) Gabbro (c) Blue Schist (d) None of these
(xvii) Kalabagh Fault is an example of:
(a) Thrust fault (b) Transpressional fault (c) Strike slip fault (d) None of these
(xviii) Trilobite trace fossils are reported from stratigraphic sequence of Pakistan:
(a) Mesozoic (b) Paleozoic (c) Paleogene (d) None of these
(xix) Glossapteris and Gangassepteris are:
(a) Plant fossils (b) Fauna living in deep sea (c) Extinct mammals (d) Both (a) and (c)
(xx) Authigenic Sedimentary Rocks are:
(a) Intrabisinal (b) Extrabasinal (c) Both (a) & (b) (d) None of these

PART II
Note:
(i) PART II is to be attempted on the separate Answer Book.
(ii) Attempt ONLY FOUR questions from PART II. All questions carry EQUAL marks. Illustrate your answer wherever necessary.
(iii) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered.

Q.2. What is a Volcano? Where arc Volcanoes located on Earth? What are different types of Volcanic Eruptions? Where does Calk-Alkaline magmatism occur? (20)
Q.3. Describe the Stratigraphy of Oceanic Crust? (20)
Q.4. What is a Fossil? What arc various requirements for the preservation of fauna and flora in rocks? (20)
Q.5. What are various common rock-thrming minerals of the Earth’s Crust? Briefly describe their composition and structure. (20)
Q.6. What is meant by Metamorphism? What are various agents / factors of Metamorphism? (20)
Q.7. What is a Bed Form? Describe the variety of Bed Forms produced under varying conditions of Flow Regime? (20)
Q.8. Briefly describe the classification of Metamorphic Rocks. (20)

Geology CSS Paper I 2005

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2005.

GEOLOGY, PAPER – I

TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100

NOTE: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including question No. 8 which is COMPULSORY. All questions carry EQUAL marks.

1. Define mineral, crystal and rock. Describe the Feldspar group of minerals.

2. How do you classify Folds? Discuss the types of Folds in the mountains of Balochistan.

3. Discuss the process of weathering and erosion. What is the importance of these processes?

4. Describe the morphology of Brachiopods. What is their significance in the stratigraphy of Pakistan?

5. What is the difference between magnitude and intensity of an earthquake? What are earthquake resistant structures?

6. What is Stratigraphic Code of Pakistan? Describe the Paleozoic rocks of the Salt Range.

7. How do the sediments convert to sedimentary rocks? Describe a few elastic sedimentary rocks.

COMPULSORY QUESTION

8. Write very short note on the following:

  1. Sedimentary facies
  2. Lithosphere
  3. Ropy lava
  4. Flute cast
  5. Continental shelf
  6. Fossil fuel
  7. Gray wack
  8. Extension joints
  9. Submarine fan
  10. Garnet
  11. Graded river
  12. Chevron folds
  13. Hornfels
  14. Axis of symmetry
  15. Marker bed
  16. Peridotite
  17. Interference colors
  18. Discocyclina
  19. Cyclosilicate
  20. Pyrite

Geology CSS Paper I 2010

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2010.

GEOLOGY, PAPER – I

TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100

NOTE: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including question No. 8 which is COMPULSORY. All questions carry EQUAL marks.

Q.2 How X-ray diffraction helps to determine the mineralogical composition of rocks?

Q.3 What is acidic igneous rocks ? Describe the petrology of granite in detail.

Q.4 Describe the internal structure of the Earth and its relation to solar system.

Q.5 What are sedimentary structures? Describe its classification and discuss the deformational sedimentary structures.
Q.6 Define correlation , describe the principle of correlation with examples from the stratigraphy of Pakistan.
Q.7 Describe the Cretaceous sequence of Hazara Area and the Suleman Range.

Q.8 Write notes on : 5+5+5+5
i. Metamorphic zones and facies
ii. Earth Magnetic Field
iii. Convergent Plate Boundary
iv. Chemical weathering

Geology CSS Paper II 2004

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2004.

GEOLOGY, PAPER – II

TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100

NOTE: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including question No. 8 which is COMPULSORY. All questions carry EQUAL marks.

1. What is PORPHYRY Copper deposit? Describe the geology of SAINDAK area.

2. Describe the ranks of Coal. What are the problems of Utilization of THAR Coal?

3. What geological factors must be considered in the selection of sites for DAMS? Discuss the silting problem in Mangla and Terbela.

4. Explain the DARCY Law. Can groundwater exploration be an alternate to Kalabagh Dam?

5. Describe the structure and stratigraphy of SUI gas field. What are the advantages and disadvantages of an international gas pipeline to Pakistan?

6. Discuss two common geophysicians techniques employed in the exploration of oil and for groundwater.

7. What factors are responsible for Landslides? How will you stabilize a frequently sliding mass of shales and mudstone?

COMPULSORY QUESTION

8. Write very short answers on the following:

  1. Artesian Well
  2. Cable tool drilling
  3. Talcthermal deposits
  4. Ceramic minerals
  5. Tar sands
  6. Water logging
  7. Karez
  8. Lapidary
  9. Bouger anamoly
  10. Vitrinite
  11. Stratigraphic traps
  12. Geophones
  13. Sour gas
  14. Aquitards
  15. Formation pressure
  16. Pile foundation
  17. Onyx
  18. Resistivity log
  19. Compressive strength
  20. Decorative stones

Geology CSS Paper I 2004

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2004.

GEOLOGY, PAPER – I

TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100

NOTE: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including question No. 8 which is COMPULSORY. All questions carry EQUAL marks.

1. What methods are available to determine the age of the Earth? Describe its internal structure.

2. Discuss the origin of MAGMA in relation to plate tectonics. How different types of igneous rocks are formed from a single magma?

3. What is the significance of physical properties of mineral? Describe the PYROXENE group of minerals.

4. Define Formation. Describe the Tertiary sequence of strata in Sindh.

5. How do you classify Faults? Discuss the importance of CHAMAN FAULT in the geology of Pakistan.

6. How do you locate the epicenter of an earthquake? What measures are necessary for those areas of Pakistan which are seismically active?

7. Describe the morphology of CEPHALOPODS. What is their significance in the stratigraphy of Pakistan?

COMPULSORY QUESTION

8. Write very short answers on the following:

  1. Turbidites
  2. Asthenosphere
  3. Pillow lawa
  4. Cross bedding
  5. Continental slope
  6. Index fossil
  7. Arkose
  8. Enfoliation
  9. Submarine fan
  10. Kaolinite
  11. Braided river
  12. Main mantle thrust
  13. Eclogite
  14. Centre of symmetry
  15. Marker bed
  16. Syenite
  17. Bireferengence
  18. Globogerina
  19. Phyllosilicate
  20. Chert

Geology CSS Paper II 2003

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2003.
GEOLOGY, PAPER – II
Time Allowed: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 100

Note: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including QUESTION NO.8 which is COMPULSORY. All questions carry EQUAL marks. Illustrate your answer with the help of sketches and diagrams where needed.

1. Discuss METALLIC MINERAL RESOURCES of Pakistan? Suggest economically viable, mineral-based industries for various deposits?

2. What are the major COALFIELDS of Pakistan? Discuss their Rank and Quality, and propose their suitable industrial applications.

3. Briefly describe ORIGIN, MIGRATION AND OCCURRENCES of hydrocarbons. Discuss HYDROCARBON PROVINCES of Pakistan.

4. What are the important RADIOACTIVE MINERALS? Discuss their host rocks and occurrences in Pakistan.

5. What are LANDSLIDES? Discuss various hazards associate with them. Describe measures to control landslides.

6. Write any essay on the WATER RESOURCES OF PAKISTAN. Suggest measures to controf water-logging and salinity.

7. Discuss GEOPHYSICAL PROSPECTING: TECHNIQUES employed for the exploration of metals, water and hydrocarbons.

Geology CSS Paper I 2003

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2003.

GEOLOGY, PAPER – I

TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100

Note: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including QUESTION N0.8 which is COMPULSORY. All questions carry EQUAL marks, illustrate your answer with the help of sketches and diagrams where needed.

1. What are Sedimentary Rocks? How are these classified?

2. How Earth came into being? Briefly discuss theories about its origin.

3. What are EARTHQUAKES? How are these produced? What measures need to be adopted to mitigate the damage caused by the earthquakes?

4. What is meant by CONTINENTAL DRIFT and PLATE TECTONICS? Discuss various tectonic elements of the Earth. :

5. What are FOSSILS? How are these preserved? List the most important INDEX Fossils of Pakistan.

6. What is STRATIGRAPHY? Briefly describe various stratigraphic units? Summarize the Paleozoic stratigraphy of the Salt Rage.

7. What is a MINERAL? Discuss various ROCK-FORMING MINERALS with the help of examples.

Geology CSS Paper II 2007

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2007.

GEOLOGY, PAPER – II

TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100

NOTE: (i) Attempt FIVE questions in all including question No. 8 which is compulsory. All questions carry EQUAL marks.
(ii) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered
(iii) Candidate must draw two straight lines (==================) at the end to separate each question attempted in Answer Books.

1. Describe the factors controlling organic productivity of organic mass. Discuss the mechanism of oil trapping.

2. Discuss the efficiency of expulsion and also discuss how this expulsion (primary migration) does occur form source rocks?

3. Describe the process of Magmatic concentration during formation of mineral Deposits.

4. Discuss with reference to geographical distribution, economic value and kind of occurrences, various metallic ores and minerals from Pakistan.

5. What geological factors are considered for the sites of Bridges especially in Hilly areas and what consideration should be taken into account for its long life?

6. How photogeology and remote sensing does help in mineral exploration?

7. Why we have more water logging in Sindh region and also discuss various kinds of Aquifer found in this region.

COMPULSORY QUESTION

8. Define/Describe briefly the following terms:

  1. Carbon cycle
  2. Lipids
  3. Seismograph
  4. Bacterial degradation
  5. Rotary drilling
  6. Wire line logging
  7. Anthracite coal
  8. Drape structure
  9. S&P Waves
  10. Auger boring
  11. Spillways
  12. Rotational slides
  13. Borehole deflection
  14. Limonite
  15. Geophone
  16. Collector well for water
  17. Water reservoir
  18. Metallogeny
  19. Coefficient of permeability
  20. Dolomitization

Geology CSS Paper I 2007

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2007.

GEOLOGY, PAPER – I

TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100

NOTE: (i) Attempt FIVE questions in all including question No. 8 which is compulsory. All questions carry EQUAL marks.
(ii) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered
(iii) Candidate must draw two straight lines (==================) at the end to separate each question attempted in Answer Books.

1. When and how the Plate Tectonic Theory was established? Describe various layers of Earth with their characteristics.

2. How many kinds of Geomorphic Cycles are possible? Discuss process of chemical weathering in detail.

3. Describe various kinds of primary sedimentary structures and their role in identification of top and bottom of a Bed surface.

4. What is the importance of Fossils in Geology? Describe various processes of fossilization.

5. Enlist generalized succession of Paleozoic Era found in Salt Range and discuss the regional Unconformities established in Indus Basin of Pakistan.

6. Describe various Crystal System briefly and give examples of two minerals at least for each system.

7. Differentiate between Plutonic and volcanic rocks in detail and give examples of rocks from Pakistan and at least five for each kind.

COMPULSORY QUESTION

8. Define/Describe briefly the following terms:

  1. Index fossil
  2. Detachment fault
  3. Braided river
  4. Uniformitarianism
  5. Isostasy
  6. Asthenosphere
  7. Mass wasting
  8. Stratigraphic code
  9. Lithification
  10. Textual maturity
  11. Abyssal plain
  12. Type locality
  13. Travertine
  14. Coquina
  15. Nonconformity
  16. Kirana group
  17. Diaper fold
  18. Deltas
  19. Steno’s law
  20. Complete the following chemical equation: 2KAISi3O8 + Carbonic acid + Water = _________ + _________ +_________ +_________

Geology CSS Paper II 2002

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2002.

GEOLOGY, PAPER – II

TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100

NOTE: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including question No. 8 which is COMPULSORY. All questions carry EQUAL marks.

1. What are salt domes? Discuss their evolution and economic significance.

2. Discuss mineral deposits of Hydrothermal Origin.

3. Make a diagram of a modern drilling rig, label its various parts and discuss the function of the water-based and oil drilling muds in Oil well drilling.

4. Briefly discuss the geological factors, which should be taken into consideration while selecting a suitable site for the construction of dams.

5. Give an account of the geological materials used as building stones.

6. What geophysical technique(s) is/are recommended for the prospection of iron-ore deposits? Give details of the techniques and instrument(s) used for this type of survey.

7. Write notes on the following:
(a) Lag time or bottom-up figure
(b) Coal and its varieties
(c) Marble deposits in Pakistan.

COMPULSORY QUESTION

8. Write only the correct answer in the Answer Book. Do not reproduce the questions.

(1) Ax type carbonate minerals are:
(a) Calcite (b) Dolomite (c) Magnesite (d) Siderite (e) None of these

(2) Economic deposits of chronite occur at:
(a) Muslim bagh Baluchistan (b) Chillas ……….. Kohistan (c) Drgai ………….. Malakand (d) Hazara Kohistan (e) None of these

(3) Barite in the drilling mud is used for increasing:
(a) Mud weight (b) Viscosity (c) None of these

(4) Beside marble, which of the following rock(s) is/are used for making tiles (after cutting and polishing):
(a) Dolerite (b) Serpentinite (c) Granite (d) Sandstone (e) None of these

(5) Is it true that a rock may be porous but not permeable?
(a) Yes (b) No

(6) Which of the following minerals are used in the glass industry:
(a) Silica minerals (b) Feldspar (c) Olioine (d) Garnet (e) None of these

(7) Which of the following minerals are used as gem minerals?
(a) Talc (b) Diamond (c) Corundom (d) None of these

(8) How much percent of total energy is produced through nuclear and hydle style power generation in Pakistan?
(a) 10.3% (b) 41.1% (c) 43.5% (d) Any other

(9) What is the total production of crude oil (daily basis) is Pakistan?
(a) 60,000 bbls (b) 1,00,000 bbls (c) 70,000 bbls (d) Any other figure.

(10) Which of the following minerals is oxide of iron?
(a) Hemafite (b) Magnetite (c) Periclase (d) Siderite (e) None of these

(11) The dam constructed on river Jhelum is known as:
(a) Tanda Dam (b) Warsak Dam (c) Terbeila Dam (d) Mangla Dam (e) None of these

(12) Which of the following rock(s) is/are ideal for the accumulation of oil?
(a) Fractured limestone (b) Shale (c) Marle (d) Sandstone (e) None of these

(13) Landslide are commonly seen in:
(a) Muree Formation (b) Hazara Slates (c) Abbottabad Formation (d) None of these

(14) Raw material for cement industry include:
(a) Limestone (b) Shale (c) Clay (d) Slate (e) Gypsum (f) None of these

(15) Best quality is reported from:
(a) Ophiolitic mélange at Mingora (b) Hunza (c) Chaagai (d) None of these

(16) Which type of Coal shows highest carbon content?
(a) Pest (b) Lignite (c) Bituminous (d) None of these

(17) Kimberlite are high Pressure ultrabic rocks and are the main source of the terrestrial:
(a) Diamond (b) Phlogopite (c) Jad. Pyroxene (d) None of these

(18) Among the geophysical methods, resistivity method is most suitable for:
(a) Ground water survey (b) Metallic mineral deposits (c) Oil and gas exploration (d) None of these

(19) How much energy is produced through burning natural gas in Pakistan?
(a) 41.4% (b) 4.5% (c) Any other figure

(20) Why the O.G.D.C. is called as O.G.D.C.L. now?

Geology CSS Paper I 2002

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2002.

GEOLOGY, PAPER – I

TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100

NOTE: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including question No. 8 which is COMPULSORY. All questions carry EQUAL marks.

1. Define bedding and stratification. Discuss various types of bedding. Which features are employed to check whether the beds are right side up or over turned?

2. What are unconformities? Discuss various stages involved in their development and describe with the help of diagrams various types of unconformities.

3. What is he base of division of crystals into Systems and Classes? What are the peculiarities of the “Normal class” of a system? Describe the symmetry of the normal class of the Hexagonal System.

4. What are Feldspars? Keeping in view the Al/Si distribution over the non-equivalent tetrahedral sites in the structure of feldspar. What is a disordered feldspar?

5. Write an essay on the Foraminifera with special reference to their distribution in Pakistan.

6. What is incongruent melting? Draw Phase diagram of the binary system-Leucite-Silica. Describe the characteristic features of this system.

7. Discuss the difference in the Petrography; chemistry and occurrence of the Alkali basalt and tholeiitc basalt.

COMPULSORY QUESTION

8. (A) What is the difference between the following pairs (answer only in one or two lines).

(1) Orthoclase and Sanidine
(2) Microcline and Maximum Microline
(3) Biotite and Phlogopite
(4) Octahedral and Six-fold Coordination
(5) Normal and reverse fold
(6) Stalactite and stalagmite
(7) Gabbro and granite

(B) What is wrong with the following sentences:
(8) There is no difference between a fault and a joint.
(9) Forsterite is formed by the thermal metamorphism of sandstone
(10) In the thermal metamorphism of impure Mg-limestone a series of reaction are involved with progressive elimination of O2 from the system.
(11) Essential minerals within Granite and Gabbro are quartz, alkali, feldspar and biotile.
(12) M.K.T. separates the Indo-Pak Plate from the Kohistan Island arc.
(13) Hardness of quartz is 4 in the Hohs Scale of hardness.
(14) Kyanite and sillimanite are polymorphs of AI2O3.

(C) Write only the correct answer in the Answer Book. Do not reproduce the questions.

(15) Mg occupies the octahedral/tetrahedral coordinated positions in the silicate structure.

(16) The average thickness of oceanic crust is:
(a) 5 km (b) 35 km (c) 40 km (d) None of these

(17) Eclogite is the high pressure equivalent of:
(a) Gabbro (b) Diorite (c) Sandstone (d) None of these

(18) The basalt-andesite – dacite-rhyolite series of rocks occur in:
(a) Island arc environment (b) Continental marginal area (c) Orogenic belts (d) None of these

(19) On the A.F.M. diagram, the tholieiitic series exhibit:
(a) A non-iron enrichment trend (b) A high-iron enrichment trend (c) A moderate iron enrichment trend (d) None of these

(20) When there are two generations of crystals in the igneous rocks, the texture is described as:
(a) Porphyritic (b) Porphyroblastic (c) Aphyric (d) None of these

Geology CSS Paper II 2001

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2001.

GEOLOGY, PAPER – II

TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100

NOTE: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including question No. 8 which is COMPULSORY. All questions carry EQUAL marks.

1. Briefly describe the case histories of the following oil and gas fields:
(a) Marl Gas Field
(b) Khaskheli Oil Field
(c) Dhulian Oil Field
(d) Dhodak Condensate Field

2. How gravity and magnetic techniques are useful in hydrocarbon exploration?

3. Describe various kinds of gemstones and give their occurrences from Pakistan.

4. Describe the environmental conditions of the transformation of organic matter into kerogen. How the expulsion occurs from the source work?

5. Write in detail note on salinity and water logging problems in Sindh Region.

6. How sites for dams’ construction are investigate? Which site you will suggest for dam construction on Indus River? Discuss.

7. Write short notes on the following:
(a) Types of aquifers (b) Geochemical exploration technique (c) Radioactive minerals of Pakistan (d) Metallogeny of Pakistan

COMPULSORY QUESTION

8. Write only the correct answer in the Answer Book. Do not reproduce the questions.

(1) The most necessary property of a reservoir is:
(a) Porosity (b) Voids (c) Permeability (d) None of these

(2) The oldest coal field of Pakistan is found in rock of:
(a) Cambrian age (b) Tertiary age (c) Permian age (d) None of these

(3) The youngest oil reservoir rock of Indus Basin is:
(a) Khera Sandstone (b) Murree sandstone (c) Pab Sandstone (d) None of these

(4) The dam situated on Kabul River in Pakistan is known as:
(a) Warsak dam (b) Hub dam (c) Tarbela dam (d) None of these

(5) The toposheet that is used for geological mapping is usually of scale:
(a) 1:50,000 (b) 1:100,000 (c) 1:63,360 (d) None of these

(6) One ton of oil is equal to US bbl:
(a) 7.33 (b) 3.77 (c) 37.7 (d) None of these

(7) In Khewra Salt Mines which method is used for mining salt:
(a) Open mining (b) Pillar & room (c) None of these

(8) Best quality of Barite is reported from:
(a) Khuzdar (b) Kallat (c) Ziarat (d) None of these

(9) In which of the following carbon content is the highest:
(a) Peat (b) Bituminous (c) Lignite (d) None of these

(10) Measuring units for natural gas is:
(a) BTU (b) MMCF (c) BBL (d) None of these

(11) The Petroleum geology of Pakistan books is written by:
(a) V. N. Qadri (b) S. M. G. J. Qadri (c) I. B. Qadri (d) None of these

(12) Velocity of P waves is minimum in:
(a) Salt dome (b) Basalt (c) Shale (d) None of these

(13) Isopach contour map represent:
(a) True thickness (b) Drill thickness (c) Apparent thickness (d) None of these

(14) The Travertine mineral is considered to be the result of:
(a) Placer deposit (b) Hot spring deposit (c) Fluvial deposit (d) None of these

(15) Aquifer causes of land slide is:
(a) Connate water (b) Percolated water (c) Meteoric water (d) None of these

(16) Major cause of land slide is:
(a) Gravity (b) Vertical bedding (c) Rainfall (d) None of these

(17) The instrument which measure the intensity of earthquake is:
(a) Geophone (b) Seismograph (c) Magnetometer (d) None of these

(18) Coal is found in one of the following environment:
(a) Marine (b) Terrestrial (c) Shoreline (d) None of these

(19) Remote Sensing Exploration is highly useful for:
(a) Water (b) Mineral (c) Hydrocarbon (d) None of these

(20) Which one of the following is a trace element in petroleum hydrocarbon?
(a) C (b) H (c) S (d) None of these

Geology CSS Paper I 2001

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2001.

GEOLOGY, PAPER – I

TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100

NOTE: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including question No. 8 which is COMPULSORY. All questions carry EQUAL marks.

1. Classify the fault genetically and briefly describe with the help of suitable diagrams.

2. Discuss the rock cycle and explain how it is related to plate tectonics.

3. What are the basic time stratigraphic units and their corresponding time units? Why did geologist find it necessary to establish these two kinds of units?

4. Briefly describe Phylum molluska and give its classification up to class level with ages.

5. Briefly describe the major plutonic and volcanic rocks with their composition. Give some examples from Pakistan.

6. Write a comprehensive note on Geodynamics of Pakistan.

7. Write short notes on the following:
(a) Different weathering.
(b) Primary structures of igneous rock
(c) Geomorphic cycle
(d) Metamorphic Facies

COMPULSORY QUESTION

8. Write only the correct answer in the Answer Book. Do not reproduce the questions.

(1) The two minerals calcite and aragonite are polymorphs. This means that they have the same:
(a) Crystal habit
(b) Hardness
(c) Crystalline structure
(d) Chemical composition
(e) Density
(f) None of these

(2) The sentence “The present is the key to the past” is a common restatement of the:
(a) Law of superposition
(b) Principle of lateral continuity
(c) Principle of uniformitarianism
(d) Law of diminishing returns
(e) Principle of cross cutting relationships
(f) None of these

(3) When a conglomerate contains particles that are sharp and angular, geologists call it:
(a) An arkose
(b) A travertine
(c) A breccia
(d) A quartz arenite
(e) A coquina
(f) None of these

(4) What type of rock makes up the greatest portion of the volume of the continental crust:
(a) Limestone
(b) Gabbro
(c) Granite
(d) Basalt
(e) Shale
(f) None of these

(5) Geologists can recognize a gap in a sequence of sedimentary rocks that represents a hiatus in the record of geologic time by locating a feature known as:
(a) An exfoliation dome
(b) Am isograd
(c) A geologic column
(d) A varve
(e) An unconformity.
(f) None of these

(6) A fossil is most useful to geologists as an index fossil if:
(a) It is only found in one particular place in the world.
(b) The species from which it formed had survived, unchanged, for an extremely long time.
(c) The species from which it formed is closely related to a modern species.
(d) It is only found in sediments deposited during a short interval in Earth’s history.
(e) It is very different in appearance from other fossils around it.
(f) None of these

(7) A geologist wants to distinguish between mineral samples by seeing how well they resist scratching. What standard should he use as the basis for comparing samples?
(a) The Richter scale
(b) Steno’s laws
(c) The Mobs scale
(d) The Hutton scale
(e) The Carnegie index.
(f) None of these

(8) Chalk, coquina, tufa and travertine are names applied to different varieties of:
(a) Mudstone
(b) Congloinetate
(c) Sandstone
(d) Evaporite
(e) Limestone
(f) None of these

(9) Seismic body waves:
(a) Travel more slowly than surface waves
(b) |May be either compressional or shear waves
(c) Are produced by the energy that is released at an earthquake epicenter.
(d) Cannot be detected by an inertial seismograph
(e) Are produced in the Earth’s outer crust
(f) None of these

(10) A geologist describing a fault discovers that rocks in the footwall block have moved upward, relative to rocks in the hanging wall block. What kind of fault has he discovered?
(a) A strike-slip fault
(b) A transform fault
(c) A reverse fault
(d) A normal fault
(e) An oblique fault
(f) None of these

(11) According to the 19th century geologist who first developed the idea, a geosyncline:
(a) Filled almost entirely with volcanic rocks
(b) A huge fold in the middle of craton
(c) Produced by continental convergence
(d) A great trough that gradually deepens as it fills
(e) Produced by seafloor spreading
(f) None of these

(12) All of the deep earthquakes in the world are associated with:
(a) Spreading centers
(b) Mantle plumes
(c) Ocean trenches
(d) Plate triple junctions
(e) Continent al shelves
(f) None of these

(13) The oldest rocks on the Earth are found:
(a) In accreted terrains
(b) On mud-ocean ridges
(c) In cratons
(d) An orogens
(e) In subduction zones
(f) None of these

(14) One important outcome of H. F. Reid’s study of the great 1906 earthquakes in San Francisco was the development of a new concept called:
(a) Isostasy
(b) Elastic rebound
(c) Free oscillations
(d) Mantle convection
(e) Risk assessment
(f) None of these

(15) Ophiolite complexes that are located high in the Himalayas Mountains of Asia were probably once pieces of:
(a) An island arc
(b) A craton
(c) The outer core
(d) The oceanic crust
(e) A continental shelf
(f) None of these

(16) What part of the Earth is immediately beneath the Moho?
(a) The outer core
(b) The asthenophere
(c) The inner core
(d) The lower lithosphere
(e) The mesosphere
(f) None of these

(17) Andesitic magma is commonly produced by:
(a) Wet partial melting in subduction zones
(b) Friction in fold and thrust mountains
(c) Compression due to deep burial
(d) Pressure release at midocean ridges
(e) Heat rising in mantle plumes
(f) None of these

(18) Porosity is a measure of:
(a) The percentage of a sediment’s (or a rock’s) volume that is open space
(b) How high the water pressure in a rock or sediment can be
(c) The shape and average size of open spaces in a rock or sediment
(d) How well the open spaces in a rock or sediment are connected to each other
(e) How easily water will flow through a rock or sediment
(f) None of these

(19) Geologists use the equation called Darcy’s Law of calculate:
(a) The depth to the water table
(b) The discharge through an aquifer
(c) The water pressure in an aquifer
(d) The volume of an aquifer
(e) The porosity of an aquifer
(f) None of these

(20) A sinkhole is caused by:
(a) Pumping water from a well
(b) Collapse of the land over a cave
(c) A violent eruption of heated groundwater
(d) Tectonic settling between normal faults
(e) Melting of buried ice
(f) None of these