CSS Competitive Examination 2020

Aga Khan Road Sector F-5/1, Islamabad
UAN 051-111-000-248 Phone No.051-9205075,
Fax: 051-9213386, 051-9203410
e-mail: fpsc@fpsc.gov.pk, Website: wwwipsc.gov.pk

(Apply online on or before 31st OCTOBER 2019 and send hard copy of online application alongwith documents so as to reach FPSC Headquarters on or Before 11th November, 2019 otherwise candidature will be rejected).

  1. Federal Public Service Commission will hold the CSS Competitive Examination 2020 with effect from Wednesday, 12th February, 2020 for recruitment to posts in BS-17 in twelve Occupational Groups/Services under the Federal Government:

  2. Number of vacancies to be filled on the basis of CSS Competitive Examination-2020 will be announced later.

  3. Examination is likely to be held at following centres depending upon the number of candidates:

(1) Abbottabad (2) Bahawalpur (3) D.G. Khan (4) D.I.Khan (5) Faisalabad (6) Gilgit (7) Gujranwala (8) Hyderabad (9) Islamabad (10) Karachi (11) Lahore (12) Larkana (13) Multan (14) Muzaffarabad (15) Peshawar (16) Quetta (17) Rawalpindi (18) Sargodha (19) Sukkur



Both male and female including special persons having at least 2nd Division Bachelor’s degree and between the ages of 21 to 30 years are eligible. The upper age limit may be relaxed by two years in categories mentioned in Rule 6 of CSS Competitive Examination Rules-2019 and onwards, subject to fulfillment of documentary requirements. The cutoff date for determining the eligibility of the candidate in terms of age, qualification, domicile etc, is 31s’ December, 2019.

  1. PROCEDURE FOR SUBMISSION OF APPLICATION: All aspirants may apply online for CSS examination during the period 1s’ October to 31″ October, 2019, followed by submission of hardcopy of online form along with all attested documents and original Treasury Receipt of Rs.2200/-, so as to reach the FPSC Headquarters, Islamabad within 10 days of the closing date (11th November, 2019), as per procedure stipulated in Rule-11 of CSS Competitive Examination Rules.

  2. Online Application, Challan Form, Rules & Syllabus for CSS Competitive Examination are available on FPSC Website www.fpsc.gov.pk



(i) Carefully fill the online form and check it before online submission. Take printout and dispatch hardcopy to FPSC on or before closing date. Any correction in the printed hardcopy of online form may be made by hand and initialed, before dispatch/submission to FPSC. Thereafter, no request for change in any entry of online application or its hard copy would be accepted.

(ii) Deposit, before the closing date, Rs.2200/- as examination fee in the nearest Govt. Treasury/State Bank of Pakistan/National Bank of Pakistan under the account head “CO2101-Organs of State Exam fee (FPSC Receipt).

(ii) Ensure that attested copies of all required documents, photographs & original treasury receipt of Rs.2200/- are attached with the hardcopy of online application form, before dispatching to Secretary FPSC, Islamabad.

(iv) Choose the optional subjects correctly in accordance with Appendix-I of The Rules for CSS Competitive Examination.

(v) Download computer generated Admission Certificates from FPSC website i.e. www.fosc.00v.pk. In this regard no intimation shall be sent through post etc.

(vi) Be informed that optional subjects & examination centre once selected shall not be changed. No request in this regard shall be entertained after receipt of hardcopy.

(vii) Correctly enter CNIC No. & date of birth in online form and in its hard copy. Wrong entry shall lead to rejection of candidature.

(vii) Strictly comply with the Rules of CSS Competitive Examination otherwise their candidature shall lead to rejection.

(ix) Hardcopy of the online application must be dispatched in a separate envelope. Two or more applications in one envelope are not acceptable.

(x) Candidates are responsible for provision of correct & complete information.

(xi) Strict policy/Zero tolerance against cheating is followed by FPSC and candidates are required to be aware of it.

(xii) Contact at the following numbers for further information or queries:

UAN 051-111-000-248 OR 051-9223282, 051-9210702


PID(1) 1606/19




CSS Groups – Military Lands and Cantonments

This article is part of the series where we introduce various CSS groups so the aspiring candidates may know more about these groups before joining them.

The word Cantonment is derived from French word Canton which means corner, quarter or separate district. In the Indian subcontinent, Cantonments are the permanent bases of armed forces.

A garrison is an enclosed military base where there is no civilian presence whereas, in a Cantonment, military forces normally reside with civilians.

In, Pakistan, legally an area is a Cantonment, once it is declared as a Cantonment under the Cantonments Act 1924.
Military Lands and Cantonments Group (MLCG) is a Central Superior Services (CSS) Group. MLC officers normally serve in the MLC department which is an attached department of the Ministry of Defence. As the name suggests, this department manages Military Lands and the Administration of Cantonments.

MLC Department is headed by Director General (grade 21) Officer. Since 1999, this post has been occupied by Army officers of the rank of Major Generals. An MLC officer of grade 21 serves as Additional Director General. The MLC Headquarters are located at Murree Road Rawalpindi near the Ministry of Defence.

The composition of the MLC department

The composition of the MLC department is as follows;
Headquarters MLC – headed by DG MLC (Grade 21)
There are 44 Cantonments and 11 Military Estates Circles which are divided into 6 MLC Regional Headquarters (RHQs) – Karachi, Lahore, Multan, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi – and each is headed by a Director MLC (grade 20) officer.

An MLC region would have Cantonment Boards headed by Cantonment Executive Officers (CEOs) and Military Estates Circles (MECs) headed by Military Estates Officers (MEOs).

Cantonments have local self-government and are managed by Cantonment Boards. A Cantonment Board consists of elected Civilian members and nominated special and members from the local military authorities.

Cantonment Executive Officer (CEO) is the Principal Accounting Officer and Secretary of the Board. Cantonment Board performs municipal and local government functions in the cantonment.

Military Estates Officer (MEO) manages the military lands on behalf of the Federal Government. Military Estates officer may be in grade 18 or 19.

Karachi Region

Military Estates Circles (2) – Karachi, Hyderabad
Cantonment Boards (8) – Clifton, Faisal, Hyderabad, Karachi, Korangi Creek, Malir, Manora, Pano Aqil

Lahore Region

Military Estates Circles (2) – Gujranwala, Lahore
Cantonment Boards (7) – Gujranwala, Kharian, Jehlum, Lahore, Mangla, Sialkot, Walton

Multan Region

Military Estates Circles (2) – Multan, Sargodha
Cantonment Boards (5) – Bahawalpur, Multan, Okara, Sargodha, Shorkot

Quetta Region

Military Estates Circles (1) – Quetta
Cantonment Boards (4) – Loralai, Ormara, Quetta, Zhob

Peshawar Region

Military Estates Circles (2) – Kohat, Peshawar
Cantonment Boards (9) – Bannu, Dera Ismail Khan, Cherat, Kohat, Mardan, Nowshera, Peshawar, Risalpur, Swat

Rawalpindi Region

Military Estates Circles (2) – Abbottabad, Rawalpindi
Cantonment Boards (11) – Abbottabad, Attock, Chaklala, Havelian, Kamra, Murree Galies, Murree Hills, Rawalpindi, Sanjwal, Taxila, Wah

Classification of Cantonments

  • Class III – A cantonment with a population is less than 50K. Normally managed by a CEO of grade 17.
  • Class II – A cantonment with a population is more than 50K and less than 100K. Normally managed by a CEO of grade 18.
  • Class I – A cantonment with a population more than 100K and is normally managed by a CEO of grade 19.

Laws applicable in Cantonments

  1. Cantonments Act, 1924
  2. The Cantonments (Requisitioning of Immovable Property) Ordinance, 1948
  3. Pakistan Cantonments Account Code 1955
  4. Cantonments Rent Restriction Act, 1963
  5. Cantonments Pure Food Act, 1966
  6. The Cantonments (Urban Immovable Property Tax and Entertainments Duty) Order, 1979

Rules applicable in Cantonments

  1. Cantonment Land Administration Rules 1937
  2. Pakistan Cantonment Servants Rules, 1954
  3. The Pakistan Cantonment Servants (Contributory Provident Fund) Rules, 1954
  4. Pakistan Cantonment Property Rules, 1957
  5. The Cantonment Boards Budget Rules, 1966
  6. The Cantonments Pure Food Rules, 1967
  7. The Pakistan Cantonments Cinematograph Rules, 1985
  8. The Cantonments Local Government Elections Rules 2015

Pros of MLCG

  • Working in a clean and secure environment of Cantonment
  • Local Cantonment board is a resourceful organization providing a quality lifestyle for an officer and his/her family
  • Less political pressure in the discharge of official duties
  • Experience in Land, Financial and Municipal services management

Cons of MLCG

  • An officer may be posted anywhere in Pakistan
  • Small CSS group with fewer chances of lateral mobility
  • Being a small group, the career progression may not be very smooth due to the sharp organizational pyramid
  • MLC department is being headed by a DG from the Army.
  • MLC officers though living in the Cantonments and paid from Defence Estimates are hardly considered eligible for any special discounts and favors enjoyed by Army officers and their allied organizations.

How to select Optional Subjects in CSS Examination?

The CSS Written examination has total 1,200 marks which are further divided into 2 parts. Part I is Compulsory Subject with total marks of 600 and Part II is Optional Subjects with total marks of 600.

There are 49 Optional Subjects divided into 7 groups. A candidate will have to select subjects with total marks 600. For more details, please check our page.

For every group of subjects, there are group-specific restrictions.

Not more than 200 marks can be selected from a single group.

Subjects have been divided into groups to create a level playing field and give a fairly balanced opportunity to candidates from different educational backgrounds.

Steps for selection of an optional subject

Selection of an optional subject should have the following steps;

  • Study the syllabus of an optional subject
  • Study the past papers of an optional subject. This will give you a fair idea of the complexity and depth of knowledge required for a subject.
  • Assess your own aptitude about an optional subject. No one else can decide a subject for you, it’s you who’ll have to make a FINAL DECISION!


Equal distribution of time and effort for each subject

Since you’ll be preparing for 1200 marks, so each subject would ideally get 8.33% of your study time. You should not select a subject with marks having 100 and consuming more than 20% of your study time. This can happen in Science and Mathematics as those subjects consume more time.


Subject complementing each other

There are subjects with similar knowledge areas and topic.

For example, International Relations is more linked with Current Affairs and English Essay. Sociology and Gender Studies cover topics related to society which may again be found in Pakistan Affairs and English Essay. So opting International Relations would increase your knowledge in Current Affairs and Sociology may help you write a better essay on social issues.

Hence one should select subjects complementing each other so that topics can be covered in less time and with more depth. A list of subjects complementing each other is as follows. This is by no means a definitive or exhaustive list. These are some of the examples of subjects having similar knowledge area.

      1. Essay, Current Affairs, International Relations, History of USA, Political Science
      2. Essay, Pakistan Affairs, History of Pakistan and India, Sociology, Gender Studies, Anthropology
      3. Governance & Public Policies, Public Administration, Political Science Paper, Constitutional Law
      4. Geology, Town Planning & Urban Management, Environmental Sciences, Geography
      5. Islamic History & Culture, Muslim Law & Jurisprudence

Do not act in haste. Study the syllabi and past papers of various optional subject and take your time to select optional subjects. It would never be a good idea to select a subject, study that for a while and then leave that subject somewhere in the middle of the journey.

You should select an optional subject for high scoring marks with least effort and time. Remember the 8.33% time allocation for each 100 marks subject. (100 x 12 = 1200 Marks)