British History CSS Paper II 2004

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17, UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2004

BRITISH HISTORY, PAPER – II

TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100

NOTE: Attempt five questions in all, including question no. 8 which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks.

1. Discuss critically the major social and political institution that developed in England during the later half of the 19th century.

2. “The whole course of the British foreign policy in the period before the outbreak of the First World War was determined during the two long administration of Salisbury between 1880 and 1909.” Discuss this statement in detail.

3. Explain the chief characteristics of Liberalism and Conservatism, as revealed in the policies of Gladstone and Disraeli.

4. “Although Great Britain lost her former glory and prestige, but Mrs. Margaret Thatcher made it possible for her to be counted in the world politics.” Discuss Thatcher’s achievements in lights of above statement.

5. Describe in detail the political settlement affected by the Congress of Vienna. How far was it permanent?

6. “Even without the military disaster of 1870, the collapse of SECOND EMPIRE could not have been delayed.” Account for the downfall of Napoleon III in the light of this statement.

7. Write notes on TWO of the following:
(a) Holy Alliance
(b) Irish Question
(c) Second Boer War
(d) Shrinkage of Turkey

COMPULSORY QUESTION
8. Write only the correct answers in the Answer Book. Do not reproduce the questions.

(1) The First Reform Act was passed in:
(a) 1822
(b) 1828
(c) 1832
(d) None of these

(2) “A Text Book of Modern English History” was written by:
(a) Wood
(b) Sherlley
(c) Southgate
(d) None of these

(3) The Treaty of Versailles was signed in:
(a) 1929
(b) 1921
(c) 1919
(d) None of these

(4):Lord Salisbury was born in:
(a) 1820
(b) 1825
(c) 1830
(d) None of these

(5) Disraeli became the Prime Minister of England for Second Term in:
(a) 1874
(b) 1880
(c) 1884
(d) None of these

(6) The real stake in the Crimean war was
(a) Central Europe
(b) Turkey
(c) Germany
(d) None of these

(7) Gladstone was Prime Minister of England for:
(a) Two times
(b) Three times
(c) Four times
(d) None of these

(8) In July 1945 the Allied Powers called upon Japan to:
(a) Return the Prisoners
(b) Stop bombing the civil prisoners
(c) Surrender of all Japanese armed forces
(d) None of these

(9) Armistice of 1918 was signed by Germany in:
(a) March
(b) June
(c) November
(d) None of these

(10) In the Assembly of the League of Nation, each member state was to be represented by a maximum of:
(a) Five delegates
(b) Three delegates
(c) Seven delegates
(d) None of these

(11) The Treaty of Sevres (1920) was made between:
(a) Allies and Turkey
(b) Germany and France
(c) America and Japan
(d) None of these

(12) Queen Victoria died in:
(a) 1904
(b) 1907
(c) 1907
(d) None of these

(13) Edward II was son of:
(a) William
(b) James
(c) Queen Victoria
(d) None of these

(14) The Berlin Settlement was signed in:
(a) 1868
(b) 1878
(c) 1872
(d) None of these

(15) Edward VII was succeeded by:
(a) George V
(b) James
(c) Edward VIII
(d) None of these

(16) The Treaty of NEUILLY (1919) was made between:
(a) Germany and Japan
(b) Ireland and Britain
(c) Bulgaria and the Allies
(d) None of these

(17) Sir Robert Peel became the Home Secretary in:
(a) 1815
(b) 1822
(c) 1828
(d) None of these

(18) The book ‘Britain Between the Wars” was written by:
(a) Carter
(b) Movat Charles
(c) Wood
(d) None of these

(19) Edward VIII abdicated the throne in:
(a) 1930
(b) 1936
(c) 1938
(d) None of these

(20) George V succeeded Edward VII in:
(a) 1907
(b) 1910
(c) 1913
(d) None of these